Free Louisa Hanoune and all political prisoners in Algeria

The Algerian people are still mobilised to demand an end to the dictatorial regime of hunger and poverty and in defence of democratic freedoms, after having achieved the resignation of dictator Abdelaziz Bouteflika. However, the Constitutional Council postponed the 4 July elections, granting an extension of provisional mandate to the faithful disciple of former President Bouteflika, Abdelkader Bensalah

The general and chief of the High Command, Salah, is pursuing a policy of repression against the mobilisation and persecution of activists. On 9 May, the leader of the Algerian Workers’ Party was arrested on charges of “attacking the authority of the military and plotting against the authority of the state” by the Military Court, together with other activists. A terrible attack on democratic freedoms, perpetrated by the military state of General Salah with the complicity of the interim president.

From the International Workers’ Unity – Fourth International (IWU-FI), we stand in solidarity with the workers and the Algerian people and we repudiate the arrest of Louisa Hanoune and those demonstrating against the regime. We demand the release of all political prisoners. We adhere to the call of 20 June for an international day for the liberation of Louisa Hanoune, the day on which her lawyers would present the lawsuit demanding the lifting of charges and her unconditional release.

International Workers Unity – Fourth International (IWU-FI)

www.uit-ci.org

10 June 2019

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Libertad a Louisa Hanoune y todos los presos políticos en Argelia

El pueblo argelino sigue movilizado para exigir el fin del régimen dictatorial de hambre y miseria y en defensa de las libertades democráticas, luego de haber logrado la dimisión de dictador Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Sin embargo, el Consejo Constitucional pospuso las elecciones del 4 de julio, otorgándole una extensión de mandato provisorio al fiel discípulo del ex presidente Bouteflika, Abdelkader Bensalah.

El general y jefe del Estado Mayor, Salah, lleva a delante una política de represión a las movilizaciones y persecución de activistas. El pasado 9 de mayo detuvieron a la líder del Partido de los Trabajadores de Argelia bajo los cargos de “atentado contra la autoridad del Ejército y complot contra la autoridad del Estado” por el Tribunal Militar, junto a otros activistas. Un ataque terrible a las libertades democráticas, perpetrado por el Estado militar del general Salah con la complicidad del presidente provisorio.

Desde la Unidad Internacional de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores – Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI), nos solidarizamos con los trabajadores y el pueblo argelino y repudiamos la detención de Louisa Hanoune y de quienes se manifiestan contra el régimen. Exigimos la liberación de todos los presos políticos. Adherimos a la convocatoria del 20 de junio a una jornada internacional por la liberación de Louisa Hanoune, día en el que sus abogados presentarían la demanda exigiendo el levantamiento de los cargos y liberación sin condicionamientos.

Unidad Internacional de Trabajadores y Trabajadores – Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI)

www.uit-ci.org

10 de junio 2019

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Academic meeting on Leon Trotsky in Cuba


Report by a correspondent of International Correspondence, the magazine of the IWU-FI

The first Leon Trotsky International Academic Event, sponsored by the Philosophy Institute and the Juan Marinello Cuban Institute of Cultural Research, was held at the Benito Juarez house in Havana between 6 and 8 May, with the collaboration of other institutions, including the Leon Trotsky House Museum from Mexico City. The presentations included Trotsky’s contribution to the Marxist theory, his involvement in the cultural and artistic debates, Trotsky as a historian, among other topics. Simon Rodriguez Porras, Venezuelan Trotskyist, co-writer of the book Why did Chavismo fail? A balance sheet from the left opposition, a member of the Socialism and Freedom Party of Venezuela and the IWU-FI took part in the panel Revolution in the Caribbean and the continent with the paper The validity of the IV International in the 21st Century.

There is a growing interest in Trotsky’s figure and theoretical legacy in Cuba, where students and intellectuals develop debates about the experience of the USSR and the meaning of the economic and social changes the island has undergone in recent decades. They reflect this interest in art and culture. The Man Who Loved Dogs, by Cuban novelist Leonardo Padura, is a literary work that deals with the life of Trotsky and his murderer, Stalinist agent Ramon Mercader, who lived his last years on the Caribbean island. They sold two editions of this novel in Cuba. In one work by Cuban artist Ruben Alpizar, exhibited at the Havana Biennial at the same time as the academic event was taking place, Trotsky can be seen as one of the iconic figures who occupy Noah’s Ark, along with Cuban writer Guillermo Cabrera Infante and singer Celia Cruz, among other referents. Although her outreach work was directed more to the exterior than to the interior of Cuba, the late intellectual Celia Hart also proclaimed herself openly as a Trotskyist in the last decade.

Against the tide

The coordinator of the event was the Cuban researcher Frank Garcia, who admirably overcame the obstacles to its realisation, with the collaboration of equally tenacious young people such as journalist Lisbeth Moya and writer Yunier Mena. At the opening of the event, Garcia considered the Cuban Trotskyists as misunderstood revolutionaries and recalled the title of the Mexican cartoonist Rius, The Devil Is Called Trotsky when he vindicated the Bolshevik leader. His bold initiative and tireless work allowed the realisation of this historic event, which was attended by about 60 international guests from some fifteen countries.

Unfortunately, the attendance of young Cuban students, researchers and activists were very limited. They did not announce the activity publicly and the entrance to the Benito Juarez house was restricted to a previously elaborated list of guests. Customs withheld donations of Trotsky’s books and other materials. For many in the state apparatus, Trotsky remains a four-letter word, just as it was in the 1970s when the last Trotskyists in Cuba were imprisoned.

Not a few Cuban academics and intellectuals strive to incorporate the study of the work and theoretical legacy of the Russian revolutionary into the reflection on the Soviet experience and on the changes underway on the island, overcoming long-standing institutional resistance. Without reaching a dozen, the young Cubans attending the activity showed great interest in the debates raised from this critical Marxist current of Stalinism. The left opposition to Stalinism had important figures in the 1920s and 1930s in Cuba such as the young leader Julio Antonio Mella and the workers’ leader Sandalio Junco. Unfortunately, in the 1960s Trotskyism in Cuba came to be identified with the Posadist current, known for its nonsensical and erratic policies. Without claiming to be a Trotskyist, Che Guevara in his last years recommended the publication of Trotsky’s books in Cuba and carried his texts among his last belongings in the Bolivian guerrilla. Nahuel Moreno deservedly paid homage to the guerrilla commander as “hero and martyr of the permanent revolution”.

Three days with an intense agenda

Esteban Volkov, Trotsky’s grandson, sent his greeting to the event. They launched Trotsky in the Mirror of History, by Peruvian historian Gabriel Garcia, and a new edition of The Revolution Betrayed by the Karl Marx Centre for Socialist Studies and the compilation Latin America Writings by the Leon Trotsky Centre for Socialist Studies and Thinking, and extracts from a documentary in preparation, The Most Dangerous Man in the World, by audio-visual producer Lindy Laubman.

We discussed a great variety of topics during three days of intense activity. Among the papers presented, Paul LeBlanc spoke about Trotsky’s struggle against Stalinism, Clara de Freitas spoke about the critique of Lenin’s cult developed by Stalinism, Suzi Weissman spoke about the breakup between Trotsky and Victor Serge, Helmut Dahmer developed a paper about the relationship between Walter Benjamin’s work and that of Leon Trotsky, Marcela Fleury examined the relationship between Eisenstein’s cinematographic work and the theory of permanent revolution, Armagan Tulunay drew parallels between Trotsky’s exile in Turkey and that of Nazim Hikmet in Havana, Flo Menezes spoke about the Trotskyism of Brazilian Mario Pedrosa, Yunier Mena spoke about art and culture in The Betrayed Revolution, Dan La Botz presented a paper on the debates between Trotsky and Souvarine, Alex Steiner reviewed Hegel’s studies by Trotsky, Daniel Perseguim reviewed the Mexican phase of the Bulletin of the Opposition, Rafael Bernabe addressed the emergence of U.S. imperialism according to Trotsky and the Puerto Rican case, while Ricardo Marquez spoke about Julio Antonio Mella and the Cuban Trotskyism.
Among the interventions of Cuban researchers, Natasha Gomez, professor of philosophy at the University of Havana, emphasised the importance of the theory of permanent revolution, of which Marx himself was a precursor, for a Marxist reading of revolutions in peripheral countries such as Cuba itself. Wilder Varona, of the Institute of Philosophy, stated that Cuba had a historical debt with Trotsky and with the Trotskyist movement, whose contributions were relevant in the present “dispute of meaning”. The researcher Caridad Masson exposed from the perspective of Stalinism the arguments used both to expel the black workers leader Sandalio Junco from the Communist Party and to assassinate him when he was already a leader of the Bolshevik Leninist Party. The speech generated indignation because it bordered on the apology of a brutal crime, but there were no interruptions.

The speeches and lectures that delimited Marxism from Stalinism, its bureaucratic and reformist distortion, were repetitive. There was no lack of polemics between different currents about the social character of the USSR, the revolutions of the post-war period, the debates between Trotsky, Nin and Serge, among other topics.

The validity of the IV International

In his presentation, Simon Rodriguez Porras presented “a reading of what it means to be a Trotskyist at present, through an interpretation of the validity of the project of the IV International, which (Trotsky) considered the most important work of his life”. The researcher recalled that Trotsky considered the Communist International definitively depleted “after the disastrous policy of Stalinism that helped the rise of Nazism to power. Less than a year after the founding of the Fourth International, they signed the infamous Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. The IV International resumed the internationalist tradition. “There is evidence that this debate (that of internationalism versus socialism in one country) was the one that most troubled Stalin at the time he ordered Trotsky’s assassination.

The paper contrasted the tasks that the Fourth International established for itself with today’s world. “The fall of the USSR and the restoration of capitalism at the end of the 20th century in the countries where the bourgeoisie had been expropriated, undoubtedly had a profound political impact, as none of these countries achieved a regime of workers’ democracy that preserved the social conquests and the expropriation of the bourgeoisie. To conclude that there was capitalist restoration we based ourselves on the criteria by which during the NEP Lenin and Trotsky considered that the USSR continued to be a workers’ state: the state monopoly of foreign trade, state economic planning and the nationalisation of the fundamental sectors of the economy. The restoration of capitalism implies that in countries like China, where the Communist Party governs allied to the trans-nationals or Russia, under the conservative government of Putin, shows the need for a new socialist revolution.

A new episode in the cyclical crisis of capitalism erupts in 2007. Economic inequality has reached its highest levels in history. There are no “anti-imperialist” or “progressive” bourgeois sectors that can play a leading role for a stage of “national liberation,” as Stalinism still poses following a scheme of “revolution by stages”. The most dramatic case of failed class-collaboration projects in Latin America is that of Venezuela, where austerity plans, with a brutal reduction in wages and social spending, forced over 10 percent of the population to emigrate, a crisis aggravated this year by the American economic sanctions. A consistent revolutionary position implies repudiating the U.S. economic sanctions against Cuba and Venezuela and the coup attempt promoted by Trump but maintaining full political independence. In the countries of North Africa and the Middle East where great popular rebellions continue to emerge, the absence of revolutionary parties that organise a fundamental change, raising a socialist alternative to the crises, has transformed great triumphs into defeats. In concluding, Rodriguez claimed that “it is still possible and necessary to build a revolutionary world party to fight against a system it is also a world system”.

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Sudán: Repudio a la criminal represión en Sudán! Apoyo a la huelga general hasta la caída de la Junta Militar!

En Sudán se ha producido una brutal represión por parte de los militares gobernantes sobre un acampe popular que reclamaba el fin de la junta militar y elecciones libres. Las denuncias hablan de un mínimo de 13 manifestantes muertos. El Comité Central de Médicos, un sindicato opositor, anunció que podría aumentar la cifra de mártires de la matanza frente a la comandancia general (del Ejército) perpetrada por la junta militar.

En Sudán existe un proceso revolucionario desde hace meses, que se inició en diciembre de 2018 con una revuelta por el aumento en el precio del pan pero que continuó reclamando el fin de la dictadura de Omar al-Bashir que llevaba 30 años en el poder. Finalmente las movilizaciones terminaron con la renuncia de al-Bashir. Pero asumió una Junta Militar que busca desviar y derrotar a la revolución. Los militares intentan quedarse en el poder por dos o tres años más en una “transición”. Pero las protestas no cesaron reclamando la retirada de los militares y que el pueblo pueda decidir su destino libremente. La semana pasada hubo una huelga general.

Ante la brutal represión la oposición sudanesa, la Alianza o Fuerzas por la Libertad y el Cambio, está convocando a la “desobediencia civil” y a una huelga hasta la caída del régimen militar. Esta alianza nuclea a varios partidos burgueses de oposición, sindicatos y otros movimientos. Se produce un cambio ya que hasta el momento intentaron negociar con la Junta Militar lugares de poder en el futuro gobierno. En vez de darle continuidad a la movilización popular. La huelga general de la semana pasada fue otro punto de inflexión que llevó a un mayor enfrentamiento generalizado contra la junta militar que rompió las negociaciones y lanzó esta represión sangrienta.

Desde la UIT-CI, sin sentar confianza política en la alianza opositora, llamamos a apoyar la convocatoria a la huelga general contra la Junta Militar en Sudán. Convocamos a la más amplia solidaridad internacional con la movilización y huelga general de los trabajadores y el pueblo de Sudán.

Abajo la Junta Militar de Sudán!

Viva la huelga general hasta su caída!

Unidad Internacional de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI)
3 de junio de 2019

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Joint RCIT and IWU-CI declaration: Stop the new aggression of Israel in Gaza!!!

Stop the new aggression of Israel in Gaza!!!

Once again, the Israeli government has intensified its campaign of terror against the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip. In the past 48 hours, the Israeli air force and navy have killed 25 Palestinians, including Falastine Abu Arar, a 37-year-old pregnant mother, and her 14-month-old niece, Siba. Nearly 70 Palestinians were injured in the attacks. In addition, the Israeli army destroyed the building that had housed the Gaza office of the Turkish state news agency Anadolu. Three Israelis died as a result of the launching of Palestinian rockets in retaliation.

This new criminal and genocidal action by Israel is part of the historical aggression of imperialism and the Zionist forces against the entire Palestinian people. They have carried forward, since 1948, an usurpation of Palestinian lands.

Throughout the world the repudiation of this new criminal action of Zionism, endorsed by imperialism and Donald Trump, is growing.

From the RCIT and the UIT-CI we join the international repudiation and call for unitary actions to fight against these crimes of the Zionist and racist state of Israel. We demand that the governments of the world break relations with Israel. (Our proposal: We call the workers and popular organizations around the world to support the Palestinian people. For international mass mobilizations and a popular boycott campaign against Israel!).

Stop the massacre in Gaza!! Down with the criminal repression of the Palestinian people! Freedom to all Palestinian prisoners! Down with the Israel’s Apartheid state! Drive imperialism out of Palestine and the whole Middle East!For unconditional support for the resistance of the Palestinian people!

Joint Declaration, 6 May 2019

Revolutionary Communist International Tendency (RCIT), www.thecommunists.net

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI), www.uit-ci.org

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Venezuela: We repudiate the coup attempt!

A coup attempt is ongoing, summoned by Guaido, the National Assembly bosses’ parties and sponsored by Donald Trump and the United States.

A military sector has released Leopoldo Lopez, who was under house arrest, and they have stationed in front of the Carlota air base in Caracas and occupied Carlota. From there, they are calling the people to take to the streets and urging other military sectors to pronounce against Maduro.

From Socialism and Freedom Party (PSL) we reject this coup attempt which, taking advantage of the popular condemnation of the famishing and repressive Maduro’s government, pretends to install a pro-imperialist government to restore the old country oligarchy to power. This is no solution to the serious social problems working people and popular sectors undergo.

Our clear repudiation to Guaido’s military coup does not mean a political support to Nicolas Maduro’s government. The PSL has been rejecting the famishing and repressive policy of the government. We consider the mobilised people independently should be the one to oust Maduro and not a coup sponsored by Trump.

We are for a material change, but we believe the mobilised people and workers in the streets of the country should impose this.

We are in favour of a workers’ government that promotes a popular economic emergency plan that contemplates an increase in salaries equal to the basic basket, for 100 percent state-owned oil company, without multinationals or mixed companies, and for the suspension of payments of the foreign debt. But we do not endorse a military coup.

From the Socialism and Freedom Party we call to repudiate the attempt of a pro-US military coup, and not to give any support to a new imperialist interference in our country.

Socialism and Freedom Party (PSL), section of the IWU-FI.
30 April 2019.

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Venezuela: ¡Repudiamos el intento de golpe militar!

Está en curso un intento de golpe militar, convocado por Guaidó, los partidos patronales de la Asamblea Nacional, y auspiciado por Donald Trump y Estados Unidos.

Un sector militar ha liberado a Leopoldo López, quien se encontraba en arresto domiciliario, y se han apostado frente a la base aérea de la Carlota en Caracas. Desde allí están convocando a que la gente salga a la calle, y exhortando a otros sectores militares a pronunciarse contra Maduro.

Desde el Partido Socialismo y Libertad rechazamos este intento golpista que, aprovechando el rechazo popular al gobierno hambreador y represivo de Maduro, pretende instalar un gobierno proimperialista que le devuelva el poder a la vieja oligarquía del país. Esto no traerá ninguna solución a los graves problemas sociales que viven el pueblo trabajador y los sectores populares.

Nuestro claro repudio al golpe militar de Guaidó no significa darle respaldo político al gobierno de Nicolás Maduro. El PSL viene repudiando la política hambreadora y represiva del gobierno, no obstante consideramos que debe ser el pueblo movilizado en forma independiente el que saque a Maduro y no un golpe militar auspiciado por Trump.

Estamos por un cambio de fondo, pero creemos que este debe ser impuesto por el pueblo y los trabajadores movilizados en las calles del país.

Estamos por un gobierno de trabajadores que impulse un plan económico popular de emergencia, que contemple un aumento de los salarios igual a la cesta básica, por petróleo 100 % estatal, sin multinacionales ni empresas mixtas, y por la suspensión de los pagos de la deuda externa. Pero no por eso avalamos un golpe militar.

Desde el Partido Socialismo y Libertad llamamos a repudiar el intento de golpe militar proyanqui, y a no brindar ningún apoyo a una nueva injerencia imperialista en nuestro país.

Partido Socialismo y Libertad (PSL), sección de la UIT-CI. 30/4/19

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Nicaragua: We demand the immediate appearance and liberation of Yader Parajon!


On Tuesday 16 April 2019, the Nicaraguan police kidnapped young Yader Parajon from his home. Since then, we know nothing of his whereabouts.

Yader is an important student activist against the dictatorship of Daniel Ortega and his wife Rosario Murillo. He took part in the Caravan for South America of the Articulation of Social Movements.

The fact takes on greater gravity because Yaser’s brother, Jimmy Parajon, is one of over 500 murdered by Daniel Ortega’s regime.

The International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI) demands the immediate appearance and release of Yader Parajon. We call to the broadest unity of action of all the sectors that claim to be democratic to conduct this urgent international solidarity call.

Immediate release of Yader Parajon! Stop Daniel Ortega’s criminal repression! Freedom to all political prisoners! Out with the dictatorship of Ortega-Murillo!

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI)

17 April 2019

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No to Assange extradition to the US! We repudiate Lenin Moreno, Trump’s lackey! 

The British police arrested Julian Assange on 11 April in the Ecuadorian embassy in London, as Lenin Moreno’s government had revoked the political asylum granted to him in 2012. They admitted acting based on a request for extradition by the U.S. government, which opens a legal process that could lead to him spending a year imprisoned in the United Kingdom for having circumvented conditions of probation by taking refuge in the Ecuadorian embassy. And after that, they extradite him to the United States, where he is persecuted for having disclosed official documents of that country’s government that account for brutal war crimes and interference in third countries.

The formal accusation, to which they could add more charges, is that of having conspired to help soldier Chelsea Manning in 2010 to access government computers and filter secret information. Manning, who had been an intelligence analyst in Iraq, leaked over 390,000 documents on the invasion and occupation of Iraq, a dossier known as “Iraq War Records,” and over 90,000 on the invasion and occupation of Afghanistan, the “Afghanistan Journals. Subsequently, the “Cablegate” dossier was published with over 250,000 communications between the U.S. embassies and the State Department. The hard political blow that this meant for U.S. imperialism unleashed a huge hysteria in the U.S. political leadership, Democratic and Republican parliamentarians demanded the execution of Assange, they inflamed the speeches on national security.

In reality, the leak did not compromise the security of the USA but it exposed an imperialist policy full of all sordid crimes in all parts of the world. Using torture and enforced disappearance in countries under U.S. military occupation, the collusion of the U.S. government and paramilitary groups in Colombia, the extensive networks of informants and agents were exposed. A video shot in 2007 from an artillery helicopter showed how the US invaders cold-bloodedly killed 12 Iraqi civilians, two of them journalists, several of them machine-gunned as they attempted to remove the first dead and wounded.

For the largest leak of secret documents in history, Chelsea Manning was sentenced to 35 years in prison and subjected to various forms of torture and ill-treatment. Obama pardoned her in 2017, but in March 2019 she was jailed again for refusing to testify in the persecution of Wikileaks. She went back to jail until she testifies or concludes the Wikileaks investigation, but she said: “I will not take part in a secret trial to which I am morally opposed, specifically one that has been used to trap and persecute activists for their political discourse. Held in solitary confinement for 28 days she remains in prison to this day.

They charged Assange with harassment and rape in Sweden in 2010. They had fabricated these charges against him as part of his U.S. persecution. He took refuge in the Ecuadorian embassy in the United Kingdom in 2012, receiving asylum. In December 2017, Ecuador granted him the Ecuadorian nationality. In late 2018, a U.S. court mistakenly revealed the existence of a secret judicial process against Assange.

The Spanish state regime also pressured Moreno for Wikileaks’ support of the Catalan people in their struggle for the right to self-determination. They have also linked Wikileaks in recent years with the Russian government and received many accolades from Trump during the 2016 presidential campaign, during which Assange’s organization published emails from Hillary Clinton’s campaign revealing conspiracies to commit fraud against her Democratic primary contender, Bernie Sanders.

The Ecuadorian government recently accused Wikileaks of taking part in the disclosure of NAC Papers that link Moreno to corruption, bank accounts in Panama and property in other countries. Wikileaks denies having made the leak. In defending his decision to revoke Assange’s asylum, Moreno referred to “irregular Wikileaks activities,” citing the leaking of Vatican documents in January 2019. Already the Ecuadorian government had been trying unsuccessfully to enforce U.S. demands to keep Assange incommunicado in the embassy.

At the service of that US policy, the Ecuadorian government of Moreno, which called itself a “progressive government”, has carried out this action in violation of the right to asylum. This is part of his policy of total genuflection before the U.S., recognizing Guaidó’s puppet government in Venezuela and pledging to make an economic austerity plan for a loan of 4.2 billion dollars from the IMF. Moreno represents the bankruptcy of South American false progressivism. After years of governing with Rafael Correa supporting the false “Socialism of the 21st Century” of Chavez and Maduro.

Beyond the political differences with Assange, we revolutionary socialists repudiate being prosecuted for a leak that exposed crimes against humanity that the U.S. imperialist government tried to conceal. In relation to the accusations that Assange faces in Sweden, we consider it fair that he should answer for them, as long as there is a commitment not to extradite him to the U.S., where he would probably be subjected to the same torture as Manning and where he has been practically condemned in advance. Such a trial would be a serious attack on freedom of expression and a lesson for those who will consider bringing to light the atrocities committed by imperialist governments in the world.

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI) 12 April 2019.

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¡No a la extradición de Assange a EE.UU.! ¡Repudio a Lenin Moreno, lacayo de Trump!

Julian Assange fue detenido el 11 de abril en la embajada ecuatoriana en Londres, luego de que el gobierno de Lenin Moreno revocara el asilo político que se le había concedido en 2012. La policía británica admitió que actuó en base a una solicitud de extradición por parte del gobierno de EE.UU., con lo cual se abre un proceso legal que podría llevarlo a pasar un año encarcelado en el Reino Unido, por haber burlado las condiciones de libertad condicional al refugiarse en la embajada ecuatoriana. Y luego de ello ser extraditado a EE.UU., donde se le persigue por haber divulgado documentos oficiales del gobierno de ese país que dan cuenta de brutales crímenes de guerra e injerencia en terceros países.

La acusación formal, a la que podrían sumarse más cargos, es la de haber conspirado para ayudar en el año 2010 a la soldado Chelsea Manning a ingresar a computadoras del gobierno y filtrar información secreta. Manning, quien había sido analista de inteligencia en Irak, filtró más de 390 mil documentos sobre la invasión y ocupación de Irak, un dossier que se conoció como “Registros de Guerra de Irak”, y más de 90 mil sobre la invasión y ocupación de Afganistán, los “Diarios de Afganistán”. Posteriormente se publicó el dossier “Cablegate” con más de 250 mil comunicaciones entre las embajadas yanquis y el Departamento de Estado. El duro golpe político que ello supuso para el imperialismo estadounidense desató una descomunal histeria en la cúpula política yanqui, parlamentarios demócratas y republicanos exigieron la ejecución de Assange, se inflamaron los discursos sobre la seguridad nacional.

En realidad no era la seguridad de EE.UU. lo que resultaba comprometido sino que quedaba totalmente expuesta una política imperialista repleta de toda clase de sórdidos crímenes en todas partes del mundo. Quedaba al descubierto el uso de la tortura y la desaparición forzada en países bajo ocupación militar yanqui, la connivencia del gobierno de EE.UU. y grupos paramilitares en Colombia, las extensas redes de informantes y agentes. Se hizo público un video filmado en 2007 desde un helicóptero artillado en el que se muestra como los invasores yanquis asesinaban a sangre fría a 12 civiles irakíes, dos de ellos periodistas, varios de ellos ametrallados cuando intentaban retirar a los primeros muertos y heridos.

Por la mayor filtración de documentos secretos en la historia, Chelsea Manning fue condenada a 35 años de cárcel y sometida a varias formas de tortura y maltrato. Obama le indultó en 2017, pero en marzo de 2019 se le encarceló de nuevo por negarse a testificar en la persecución contra Wikileaks. Se ordenó encarcelarle hasta que testifique o concluya la investigación sobre Wikileaks, pero declaró: “No participaré en un proceso secreto al que me opongo moralmente, en concreto, uno que ha sido usado para atrapar y perseguir a activistas por su discurso político”. Se le confinó a un régimen de aislamiento por 28 días y sigue presa hasta la fecha actual.

Assange fue acusado de acoso y violación en Suecia en 2010, cargos que dijo habían sido fabricados como parte de su persecución por parte de EE.UU., y se refugió en la embajada ecuatoriana en el Reino Unido en 2012, recibiendo asilo. En diciembre de 2017 se le concedió la nacionalidad ecuatoriana.A fines de 2018, un tribunal estadounidense reveló por error la existencia de un proceso judicial secreto contra Assange.

El régimen del estado Español también presionó a Moreno por el apoyo de Wikileaks al pueblo catalán en su lucha por el derecho a la autodeterminación. Wikileaks asimismo se vinculó en los últimos años con el gobierno ruso y recibió numerosos elogios de Trump durante la campaña presidencial de 2016, durante la cual la organización de Assange publicó correos electrónicos de la campaña de Hillary Clinton que revelaban conspiraciones para cometer fraude contra su contendiente en las primarias demócratas, Bernie Sanders.

Por su parte, el gobierno ecuatoriano acusó recientemente a Wikileaks de participar en la divulgación de los INA Papers que vinculan a Moreno con hechos de corrupción, cuentas bancarias en Panamá y propiedades en otros países. Wikileaks niega haber realizado la filtración. Al defender su decisión de revocar el asilo de Assange, Moreno se refirió a “actividades irregulares de Wikileaks”, citando la filtración de documentos de El Vaticano en enero de 2019. Ya el gobierno ecuatoriano venía intentando infructuosamente hacer cumplir las exigencias de EE.UU. de mantener a Assange totalmente incomunicado en la embajada.

Al servicio de esa política estadounidense, el gobierno ecuatoriano de Moreno, que se decía “gobierno progresista”, ha ejecutado esta acción violatoria del derecho de asilo. Ello forma parte de su política de total genuflexión ante EE.UU., reconociendo al gobierno títere de Guaidó en Venezuela y comprometiéndose a realizar un ajuste económico a cambio de un préstamo de 4,2 mil millones de dólares del FMI. Moreno representa la bancarrota del falso progresismo sudamericano. Luego de años de haber gobernado junto a Rafael Correa respaldando el falso “socialismo del Siglo XXI” de Chávez y Maduro.

Más allá de las diferencias políticas con Assange, los socialistas revolucionarios repudiamos que se le enjuicie en relación con una filtración que expuso crímenes contra la humanidad que el gobierno imperialista de EE.UU. intentó ocultar. En relación con las acusaciones que Assange enfrenta en Suecia, consideramos justo que responda por ellas, siempre y cuando exista el compromiso de no extraditarlo a EE.UU., donde sería probablemente sometido a las mismas torturas que Manning y donde ha sido prácticamente condenado por adelantado. Tal juicio supondría un grave ataque a la libertad de expresión y un escarmiento para quienes consideren en el futuro sacar a la luz las atrocidades que cometen los gobiernos imperialistas en el mundo.

Unidad Internacional de  Trabajadoras y Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI)

12 de abril de 2019

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