We repudiate the U.S. army’s bombings in Baghdad! 

We publish here a statement by the International Workers Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI)

The assassination of the commander of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard, General Qasem Soleimani, and several Iraqi Shiite leaders at Baghdad Airport, by missiles fired from drones, which the U.S. hypocritically called “defensive measures,” is part of the ongoing U.S. military intervention in the Middle East, either directly or through its main agent in the region, Israel.

For imperialism in general and the U.S. in particular, the domination of the Middle East is key because of its immense oil wealth, which provides a substantial part of the world’s energy. It should be remembered that the U.S. invaded Iraq in 2003, under the presidency of George Bush, arguing that it had weapons that threatened the U.S. It finally had to withdraw its troops in 2011, but leaving military bases with 5,000 soldiers. Since then, the Iraqi government has been relatively dependent on Iran, and there is a permanent dispute for control of power. In recent months there has been a popular rebellion against that government, its corruption and antipopular economic policy.

Iran is, since the 1979 revolution that overthrew the pro-U.S. monarchy, a relatively independent country from imperialism, with a bourgeois Islamic leadership, from the Shiite branch, that is trying to establish itself as a regional power, permanently clashing with the U.S. and its allies Israel and Saudi Arabia. Its aspiration to develop nuclear energy was one of the points of discord and led to trade sanctions that blocked its oil sales. With Obama an agreement to limit nuclear development in exchange for eliminating sanctions was reached. To weaken Iran and strengthen his alliance with Israel, Trump broke that agreement, although the move was not supported by the European Union.

In Iran there is also a popular protest movement questioning the Islamic dictatorial regime and the economic problems being dumped on the workers.

For its part, imperialism under Donald Trump, increasingly resisted within the U.S. and with an impeachment process underway, is facing its own political crisis and all indications are that he is seeking some international “success” to strengthen a voting base in order to win the November elections this year.

The regional context of the Middle East is one of permanent war and popular rebellion in recent years. These include the people’s rebellion and the Syrian civil war (in which Iran intervened alongside Russia in direct support of the dictator Al-Assad), the civil war and genocidal intervention by Saudi Arabia with U.S. support in Yemen, while the rebels are supported by Iran, also the emergence of the Islamic state inside Iraq, which later spread to Syria, although today it is defeated.

In this explosive context, several events have taken place in the last few weeks: a missile attack on a U.S. base in Iraq, with the death of a U.S. soldier, and the attack on the U.S. embassy in Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, by a mass demonstration. These events led, according to a U.S. Pentagon statement, to the bombing of the airport: “Under the direction of the President, the U.S. military has taken decisive defensive measures to protect personnel by killing Qasem Soleimani”.

We repudiate the assassination of General Qasem Soleimani and this hypocritical statement by the ultra-reactionary Trump. No one attacked the United States. It is the U.S. that continues its partial military occupation of Iraq and claims the “right” to bomb its main airport and produce a massacre. As we speak, we have received news that a new attack by the U.S. army on Baghdad would have left several dead and wounded.

Having no agreement with or support for the policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, or the Iraqi government, we repudiate these criminal attacks and consider them part of the imperialist military action to bring the Middle East under their total domination. We call on the workers and peoples of the world to repudiate these attacks and to fight for the immediate withdrawal of all U.S. troops from Iraq and the Middle East, as they have only brought genocide and destruction.

Remove the U.S. troops from Iraq and the Middle East! We repudiate this criminal action ordered by the right-wing Trump!

International Unity of Workers (Fourth International)

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¡Repudiamos los bombardeos del ejército de los EE UU sobre Bagdad!

El asesinato del comandante de la Guardia Revolucionaria de Irán, general Qasem Soleimani y de varios líderes chiitas iraquíes en el Aeropuerto de Bagdad, mediante misiles disparados desde drones, que Estados Unidos denominó hipócritamente de “medidas defensivas”, es parte de la intervención militar permanente de Estados Unidos en Medio Oriente, sea en forma directa, o mediante su principal agente en la región: Israel.

Para el imperialismo en general y el yanqui en particular, el dominio de Medio Oriente es clave por su inmensa riqueza petrolera, que aporta una parte sustancial de la energía mundial. Recordemos que Estados Unidos invadió Irak en el 2003, bajo la presidencia de George Bush, argumentando que tenía armas que amenazaban a Estados Unidos. Finalmente tuvo que retirar sus tropas en el 2011, pero dejando bases militares con 5.000 soldados. Desde entonces el gobierno de Irak es relativamente dependiente de Irán, y hay una disputa permanente por el control del poder. En los últimos meses hubo una rebelión popular contra el gobierno, su corrupción y política económica antipopular.

Irán es, desde la revolución de 1979 que derribó la monarquía pronorteamericana, un país relativamente independiente del imperialismo, con una conducción burguesa islámica, de la rama chiita, que trata de afianzarse como potencia regional, chocando permanentemente con Estados Unidos y sus aliados Israel y Arabia Saudita. Su aspiración de desarrollar la energía nuclear fue uno de los puntos de discordia y que llevó a sanciones comerciales que bloquearon sus ventas de petróleo. Con Obama llegó a un acuerdo de limitar el desarrollo nuclear a cambio de eliminar las sanciones. Para debilitar Irán y fortalecer su alianza con Israel, Trump rompió ese acuerdo, aunque no fue apoyado por la Unión Europea.

En Irán también hay un movimiento de protestas populares cuestionando el régimen dictatorial islámico y los problemas económicos que se descargan sobre los trabajadores.

Por su parte el imperialismo, bajo Donald Trump, cada vez más resistido dentro de Estados Unidos y con un proceso de impeachment  en curso,  afronta su propia crisis política y todo indica que busca algún “éxito” internacional para fortalecer su base votante para ganar las elecciones de noviembre de este año.

El contexto regional de Medio Oriente es de guerras permanentes y rebeliones populares en los últimos años. Entre ellos la rebelión popular y guerra civil siria (en la que Irán intervino junto a Rusia en apoyo directo al dictador Al Assad). La guerra civil y la intervención genocida de Arabia Saudita con apoyo yanqui en Yemen, mientras que los rebeldes son apoyados por Irán. También el surgimiento del Estado Islámico dentro de Irak, que luego se extendió a Siria, aunque hoy está derrotado.

En ese contexto explosivo se produjeron varios hechos en la últimas semanas: un ataque con misiles a una base norteamericana en Irak, con la muerte de un soldado yanqui, y el ataque de manifestaciones populares a la embajada yanqui en Bagdad, la capital de Irak. Estos hechos llevaron, según el comunicado del Pentágono de Estados Unidos, al bombardeo al aeropuerto: “Bajo la dirección del Presidente, el ejército de los EE.UU. ha tomado medidas defensivas decisivas para proteger al personal, al matar a Qasem Soleimani”.

Repudiamos el asesinato del general Qasem Soleimani y esta hipócrita declaración del ultra reaccionario Trump. Nadie fue a atacar a Estados Unidos. Es Estados Unidos el que continúa la ocupación militar parcial de Irak y se atribuye el “derecho” de bombardear su principal aeropuerto y producir una masacre. En estos momentos acabamos de recibir la noticia de que un nuevo ataque perpetrado por el ejército yanqui en Bagdad habría dejado varios muertos y heridos.

Sin tener ninguna coincidencia ni apoyo a la política de la República Islámica de Irán, ni del gobierno de Irak, repudiamos estos criminales ataques y los consideramos parte de la acción militar imperialista por someter a Medio Oriente a su dominio total. Llamamos a los trabajadores y pueblos del mundo a repudiar estos atentados y a luchar por el inmediato retiro de todas las tropas yanquis de Irak y de Medio Oriente, ya que sólo han traído genocidio y destrucción.

¡Fuera las tropas yanquis de Irak y Medio Oriente!¡Repudiamos esta acción criminal determinada por el derechista Trump!

Unidad Internacional de los Trabajadores y las Trabajadoras (Cuarta Internacional)

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Venezuela: In Defense of Professor Keymer Avila’s Research Amid Police Violence in Venezuela

Political dissidents in Venezuela are under constant threat of violence from the Maduro regime. This is the case of Professor Keymer Avila. We publish here a statement in solidarity with Professor Keymer Avila by around two hundred Venezuelan. Socialist Core expresses solidarity with Professor Avila and all of those fighting state repression in Venezuela under President Nicolás Maduro. This statement was posted in Venezuelanvoices.org. Translation by NACLA here.

Professor Keymer Ávila has recently been the target of a smear campaign in Venezuela. 

Over the last few weeks, Professor Keymer Ávila has been the target of a smear campaign launched by the news daily “Ciudad CCS,” published out of Caracas City Hall, with baseless claims that aim to discredit and criminalize independent research findings on a problem crucial to the future of Latin American societies. Similar campaigns have already been carried out against organizations working to denounce violations against the right to life and personal integrity in popular sector communities.

These campaigns resort to the most basic argumentative fallacy: delegitimize the messenger to avoid any debate on fundamental issues and hide the relentless truth of the message.

In the face of this attack we the undersigned, researchers and academics working in a variety of fields, support and defend the preservation of one of the foundational principles of our profession: the scientific production of data, materials, and evidence that may contribute to debates at the service of the common good. We stress Professor Keymer Ávila’s distinguished academic trajectory and we join our voices to those of different organizations of various political stripes that have denounced the use of lethal force targeting Venezuelan popular sectors over the last few years.

We note:

This smear campaign is silent on the fact that since 2015, when the militarized operations known as “People’s Liberation Operations”—OLPs in Spanish—were launched, followed [in 2016] by the creation of the Special Action Forces—FAES in Spanish—of the National Police, the government has unleashed a policy of bloodshed against the poorest and most vulnerable sectors of the country.

Official figures published by the Minister of the Interior Néstor Reverol reveal significant increases in violent deaths registered as “resisting authority,” that since 2016 number more than 4900 cases per year. The scale of this increase, and the field surveys carried out by different organizations and researchers, expose that extra-judicial killing has become state policy aimed at the poor and, especially, at young men in popular sector neighborhoods.

Testimonies by those who have been the victims of police operations highlight the excessive violence to which communities, families, mothers, daughters and sons of murdered youth are exposed. In addition, the Venezuelan state has steadfastly denied this reality, and therefore, has refused reparations and the restitution of rights to those affected by “iron fist” policies.

The report by the “Use of Lethal Force in Latin America Monitor,” one of the targets of the campaign we denounce, is an initiative by well-known researchers and academics from Mexico, Colombia, El Salvador, Brazil and Venezuela. Professor Ávila was in charge of the chapter on this last country, and it draws on figures from two sources: the first, consisting of official data from the Ministry of the Interior, which allow us to approximate the scale of the phenomenon under review; the second is comprised of a systematic investigation undertaken by the researcher, from a group of cases drawn from secondary sources, whose configuration is – in view of its size and its compatibility with official sources – well within standard methodological parameters used in the social sciences to estimate different proportions found in the data. Accordingly, its scientific validity is more than confirmed.

Keymer Avila is professor in both the undergraduate and graduate programs at the Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV) and researcher at Criminal Science Institute. He is the author of numerous publications, both in refereed journals and public facing media. He has also advised the Ministry of Justice and the Police General Counsel, as well as various national and International Human Rights NGOs.

We believe that the production and diffusion of knowledge based on evidence is indispensable to confront the threats facing Latin America’s current context, where people are demanding significant improvements in their political and institutional systems, and which may lead to more democracy and the effective exercise of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.

May this statement reveal the extent of support for Professor Ávila’s work, and which any social sector that so wishes may join. Those who attack his research do not harm the university or the social organizations that shine a light on institutional atrocities; instead they hurt the country, the poor, all the people and communities that have fallen victim to extermination practices executed by the state’s forces of repression. Far from “defending a national project,” these attacks legitimize, strengthen, and encourage the mass production of violent deaths in Venezuela, as well as the resulting depths of pain and mourning to which thousands of Venezuelans are subjected.

We urgently call for an in-depth and responsible debate on deaths perpetrated by the state, and impress on the need to establish mechanisms for accessing truth and reparations for victims. We support all those who work and research to register, denounce, and resist the wave of institutionalized, lethal violence. Finally, we express our complete solidarity with the survivors of this violence, with the mothers and relatives of the victims whose lives have been cut short by the state apparatus.

See the List of signatories

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Colombia: Support the National Strike

For the past two weeks, Colombia’s trade union centres have been preparing a major national strike for 21 November. We expect it to be the largest in years and millions will mobilise against the austerity measures of Duque government endorsed by the IMF.

In less than two years in office, the “Uribista” (Uribe supporter) Duque has won popular repudiation with his policies of austerity and repression: two out of three Colombians reject the government’s management. It recently suffered a heavy electoral blow in the regional elections, worn down by major student protests against the lack of funding of education, the brutal repression of the Cauca Indians, the corruption scandals, the progress of the judicial process against former President Uribe, and the continued assassination of social leaders, indigenous people and former FARC combatants.

The national strike is being carried out against the government’s labour, tax and pension reform projects, which make up the so-called “Paquetazo” (a huge austerity plan) which involves labour flexibility for young people, less taxes for large companies and more taxes for workers, and the privatisation of the pension system. It is a strike against the underfunding and privatisation of state-owned enterprises.

Over 150 unions, guilds and associations join the call. They are also preparing to mobilise the Indigenous Minga (Quechua word for collective actions) and the students who demand compliance with the agreement signed last year on the budget for public education.

One organisation that adheres to the call, the United Collectives, calls on all workers and popular sectors to join, reflecting the spirit of the struggle: “from every house in the early morning of this 21, banging the pots and pans; from the union in its Assembly to discuss among its workers the need for a National Strike; from the neighbourhood in the Communal Action Board discussing the National Strike with the community; the bus and taxi drivers who cease the activity that day; the merchant who joins the strike and does not open his business; the young man who stops and blocks the roads to give the worker the excuse for not going to work; even the peasant, with the black people, the indigenous communities and the truck drivers, who block the highways making the National Strike effective, who will prevent the government from sabotaging it. Everyone united with dignity.

Duque’s government has taken military and police personnel out into the streets, and raids are already being carried out against the organisers of the strike, once again showing the government’s repressive disposition. Within the framework of the great struggles that are taking place in Latin America, it is crucial to surround with solidarity and support the Colombian workers, peasants, indigenous people and the youth, who will lead the 21 November strike.

International Workers’ Unity – Fourth International

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Colombia: Apoyemos el paro nacional

(Read in english)

Las centrales sindicales de Colombia vienen preparando desde hace dos semanas un gran paro nacional para este 21 de noviembre. Se espera que sea el más grande en años y millones se movilicen contra las políticas de ajuste del gobierno de Duque avaladas por el FMI.

En menos de dos años de mandato, el uribista Duque se ha ganado el repudio popular con sus políticas de ajuste y represión: dos de cada tres colombianos rechaza la gestión de gobierno. Recientemente sufrió una dura derrota electoral en las elecciones regionales, desgastado por las grandes protestas estudiantiles contra el desfinanciamiento de la educación, la brutal represión a los indígenas del Cauca, los escándalos de corrupción, el avance del proceso judicial contra el ex presidente Uribe, y el continuo asesinato de líderes sociales, indígenas y excombatientes de las FARC.

El paro nacional se realiza contra los proyectos de reforma laboral, tributaria y pensional del gobierno, que integran el llamado “Paquetazo” y suponen flexibilización laboral para jóvenes, menos impuestos a las grandes empresas y más impuestos a los trabajadores, y la privatización del sistema jubilatorio. Es un paro contra la desfinanciación y privatización de las empresas estatales.

Adhieren a la convocatoria más de 150 sindicatos, gremios y asociaciones. También se preparan para movilizarse la Minga Indígena y los estudiantes que reclaman el cumplimiento del acuerdo firmado el año pasado en materia de presupuesto para la educación pública.

Una de las organizaciones que adhiere a la convocatoria, los Colectivos Unidos, hace un llamado a todos los sectores obreros y populares a sumarse, reflejando el espíritu de la lucha:“desde su casa en la madrugada de este 21, haciendo sonar las cacerolas; desde el sindicato que hace su Asamblea para discutir entre sus trabajadores la necesidad del Paro Nacional; desde el barrio en la Junta de Acción Comunal discutiendo el Paro Nacional con su comunidad; el transportador y el taxista que cesan la actividad ese día; el comerciante que se suma al paro y no abre su negocio; el joven que se para firme y corta las rutas para facilitar el argumento al obrero de no poder llegar al trabajo; hasta el campesino, con las negritudes, las comunidades indígenas y los camioneros, que bloquean las carreteras haciendo respetar el Paro Nacional, que querrá ser saboteado por el Gobierno. Todos, unidos, con dignidad”.

El gobierno de Duque ha sacado efectivos militares y policiales a las calles, y ya se realizan allanamientos en contra de organizadores del paro, mostrando el gobierno una vez más su talante represivo. En el marco de las grandes luchas que se vienen gestando en Latinoamérica, es crucial rodear de solidaridad y apoyo a los trabajadores, campesinos, indígenas y a la juventud colombiana, que protagonizarán el paro del 21 de noviembre.

Unidad Internacional de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores – Cuarta Internacional
(read in english)

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Bolivia: We Reject the Attempt to Impose a Right-Wing Reactionary Government

The right mounted on the popular mobilisation and seeks to take over the government

We reject the attempt to impose a right-wing reactionary government, either transitory or through constitutional succession.

– Immediate call for an emergency COB (Workers’ Central Union) Congress, with the participation of all workers’, peasants’, indigenous and youth organisations.

– To form the Popular Assembly from the workers, peasants and youth mobilised to assume the provisional government and to call for clean and free elections, with no restriction for the popular candidates.

The fight must continue:

– Against the oligarchy (CAO, CAINCO, Camacho, etc.) allied for over 10 years to Evo Morales and partner in the Chiquitania fire.

– For non-payment of the fraudulent external debt contracted by MAS (Movement Towards Socialism, Evo’s party)

– For the nationalisation of the transnational San Cristobal pampered by Evo

– For exposing and fighting Camacho’s fascism disguised as democracy

After 21 days of struggle, with 3 dead under repression and MAS violence, Evo Morales lost the support of the oligarchy and imperialism, represented by the OAS, and ended up resigning.

When the popular mobilisation did not retreat in the face of police repression and the violence of the MAS and its thugs, the oligarchy abandoned Evo and mounted itself on it not to lose power. Following their oligarchic masters and for fear of mobilisation, the police mutinied, and the Armed Forces declared their “neutrality” and then “suggested” the resignation of the president. The imperialist OAS, in which the MAS relied upon to validate its fraud, advanced the results of the electoral audit (which has not yet ended) declaring the entire electoral process fraudulent. Threatened by the mobilisation, a call for a demonstration in his support that failed, abandoned by his allies and without the means of repression at his disposal, Evo Morales resigned.

Now the right-wing leader of Santa Cruz (Camacho), representative of the CAO, CAINCO, FEGASACRUZ, the big Agro-industrialists of Santa Cruz, responsible along with Evo Morales for the Chiquitania fire disaster, seek to take over the government, through a transitory government or constitutional succession. He speaks of democracy, but he is an enemy of the working people.

This reactionary bourgeois sector has used hatred and anger against the 14 years of Evo Morales’ government who, in the name of a false “socialism” and “anti-imperialism”, betrayed the people and governed for the benefit of the multinationals and the big business groups of soy, mining and gas. Evo Morales and MAS betrayed the October agenda and ignored the social demands such as the democratic ones of the 2016 referendum that rejected Evo running again for office.

Hundreds of thousands of workers and middle classes’ youth and the general population of upper and lower-middle classes took to the streets and blocked them repudiating the electoral fraud. Young people especially have a legitimate discontent with the MAS government which did not guarantee decent jobs in 14 years, and today young people with or without university studies are condemned to informal employment and miserable wages.

Thousands of workers and popular sectors broke with Evo Morales and joined the popular demand for him to leave and for new elections. Union sectors such as the mining unions of Potosí and San Cristóbal, workers, factories, or cocalero peasants of Los Yungas, joined. These sectors differ from the upper and middle classes of Santa Cruz or other regions that are traditionally conservative and support the right-wing of Camacho and Mesa. These right-wing demagogues want to use the working people’s demands to impose their reactionary and anti-popular project.

Added to this protest are legitimate popular demands, from the coca growers of Yungas who have had their leaders imprisoned for over a year, and were brutally repressed, to the people of Potosí in a struggle to defend the lithium that Evo gave to the transnationals (days before his resignation he had to back down). The salaried miners of San Cristobal de Potosí also demand respect for their labour conquests.

Large sectors of workers from the city and the countryside continued to vote for Evo Morales, many because they did not find another alternative and distrust Carlos Mesa and other right-wing candidates.

There is also a repudiation of the violent action of armed MAS gangs that attacked cooperative miners in Vila Vila and young people protesting in Cochabamba, resulting in deaths and injuries. And after Evo Morales’ resignation, there is the repudiation of the attacks and fires produced by MAS shock groups in El Alto and La Paz.

The right is mounted on this legitimate discontent, to impose its agenda, hiding under the banner of “democracy”. They even rejected Evo’s proposal to hold new elections “with another Court and other actors”. Now that Evo Morales resigned, they are rushing to palatial conjurations and political negotiations to impose a reactionary government.

For this, their main figure is Luis Fernando Camacho, representative of the right-wing fascist business in Santa Cruz, who already proposed to form a “transitory” government, but also have the right-wing parliamentarians who co-governed with the MAS the last 5 years and the military and police leadership.

We cannot allow the business fascist right-wing of Santa Cruz, supported by the military and imperialism, to decide the government and the future of the country. Whether with a “transitory” government or other variants, such as a Legislative Assembly that is the enemy of the people, made up of Masista and right-wingers who accompanied the policy of the MAS, be in charge of the constitutional succession; or of a military junta, they would all be a reactionary anti-popular government.

We reject attempts to impose a reactionary government by any of these means.

That is why we from the real left put forward: “Neither Evo Nor Mesa, Camacho or the military! For an Alternative of the city and countryside workers” (Declaration of the PT-PSR on 8 November).

We join the demand of the factories in Cochabamba, miners in Potosí and the CSUTCB Genaro Flores, that an urgent Extraordinary Congress of the COB be held, especially inviting peasant and indigenous organisations, and the youth, to form a Transitional government.

To impose the workers’ agenda, among others: a true nationalisation of San Cristóbal, a Japanese company pampered by Evo Morales; stop paying the foreign debt accumulated in these years that was used for corruption and useless works; fight against the oligarchy (CAO, CAINCO, Camacho, etc.) that was an ally of the MAS during the last 10 years, etc.

To convene an open Congress of the reorganised COB to form a Popular Assembly with representatives of grassroots organisations of city and rural workers, youth and indigenous, to resolve the future of the country and guarantee clean and free elections without restrictions for any candidate from the popular sectors.

Revolutionary Alternative for the Working People (ARPT), a section of the IWU-FI in Bolivia.

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Bolivia: Rechazamos el intento de imponer un gobierno reaccionario de derecha

La derecha se montó sobre la movilización popular y busca apoderarse del gobierno
Rechazamos el intento de imponer un gobierno reaccionario de derecha, ya sea transitorio o por vía de la sucesión constitucional

– Convocatoria inmediata a Congreso de la COB de emergencia, con participación de todas las organizaciones obreras, campesinas, indígenas-originarias y juveniles

– Conformar la Asamblea Popular a partir de los obreros, campesinos y jóvenes movilizados para asumir el gobierno provisional y convocar a elecciones limpias y libres, sin ninguna restricción para los candidatos populares

La lucha debe continuar:

– Contra la oligarquía (CAO, CAINCO, Camacho, etc.) aliada durante más de 10 años a Evo Morales y socia en el incendio de la Chiquitanía

– Por el no pago de la fraudulenta deuda externa contraída por el MAS

– Por la nacionalización de la transnacional San Cristobal mimada de Evo

– Por desenmascarar y combatir al fascismo de Camacho disfrazado de democracia

Luego de 21 días de lucha, con 3 muertos bajo la represión y violencia masista, Evo Morales perdió el respaldo de la oligarquía y el imperialismo, representado por la OEA, y terminó por renunciar.

Cuando la movilización popular no retrocedió ante la represión policial y la violencia del MAS y sus matones, la oligarquía abandonó a Evo y se montó sobre la misma con el objetivo de no perder el poder. Siguiendo a sus amos oligárquicos y por temor a la movilización, la policía se amotinó y las FFAA declararon su “neutralidad” y luego “sugerir” la renuncia del presidente. Por su parte la imperialista OEA, en quien el MAS confió para validar su fraude, adelantó los resultados de la auditoría electoral (que aún no terminó) declarando fraudulento todo el proceso electoral. Amenazado por la movilización, fracasados sus intentos de contra movilización social, abandonado por sus aliados y sin los medios de represión a su disposición, Evo Morales renunció.

Ahora la derecha cruceña (Camacho), representante de la CAO, CAINCO, FEGASACRUZ, los grandes agroindustriales cruceños, responsables junto a Evo Morales del desastre del incendio de la Chiquitanía, buscan apoderarse del gobierno, mediante un gobierno transitorio o la sucesión constitucional. Ellos hablan de democracia pero son enemigos del pueblo trabajador.

Este sector burgués reaccionario ha utilizado el justo odio y bronca contra los 14 años de gobierno de Evo Morales, que en nombre de un falso “socialismo” y “antiimperialismo” traicionó al pueblo y gobernó en beneficio de las multinacionales y de los grandes grupos empresarios de la soja, de la minería y el gas. Evo Morales y el MAS traicionaron la agenda de Octubre y desconocieron los reclamos sociales como los democráticos del referéndum del 2016 que rechazo la repostulación de Evo.

Centenares de miles de jóvenes hijos de trabajadores y de clases medias, y población en general de clase media alta y baja, salieron a las calles y bloquearon en las últimas semanas repudiando el fraude electoral. Los jóvenes especialmente tienen un legítimo descontento ante un gobierno del MAS que durante 14 años no garantizó trabajos dignos, y hoy jóvenes con o sin estudios universitarios están condenados al empleo informal y con salarios míseros.

Por esa razón miles de trabajadores y sectores populares rompieron con Evo Morales y se sumaron al reclamo popular de que se vaya y de nuevas elecciones. Sectores sindicales como los sindicatos mineros de Potosí y San Cristóbal, obreros, fabriles, o campesinos cocaleros de Los Yungas, se sumaron. Estos sectores son diferentes a las clases alta y media de Santa Cruz u otras regiones que son base tradicionalmente conservadora y que apoyan al derechista de Camacho y a Mesa. Estos demagogos derechistas, quieren usar los justos reclamos del pueblo trabajador para imponer su proyecto reaccionario y antipopular.

A esta protesta se suman legítimos reclamos populares, desde los cocaleros de Yungas que tienen sus dirigentes presos desde hace más de un año, y fueron brutalmente reprimidos, hasta el pueblo potosino en lucha por defender el litio que Evo entregó a las transnacionales (días antes de su renuncia tuvo que retroceder). También los mineros asalariados de San Cristobal de Potosí reclaman respeto a sus conquistas laborales.

Por otra parte, grandes sectores de trabajadores de la ciudad y el campo siguieron votando por Evo Morales, muchos por no encontrar otra alternativa y legítima desconfianza en Carlos Mesa y otros candidatos derechistas.

También hay repudio a la violenta acción de bandas armadas del MAS que atacaron a mineros cooperativistas en Vila Vila y a jóvenes que protestaban en Cochabamba, con resultado de muertos y heridos. Y posterior a la renuncia de Evo Morales, hay repudio a los ataques e incendios producidos por grupos de choque masistas en El Alto y La Paz.

La derecha se monta sobre este legítimo descontento, para imponer su propia agenda, ocultándose bajo la bandera de la “democracia”. Pesé a que su reclamo inicial era solamente la segunda vuelta, montándose sobre la movilización, llegaron a rechazar hasta el planteó de Evo de realizar nuevas elecciones “con otro Tribunal y otros actores”. Ahora que Evo Morales renunció se apresuran a las conjuraciones palaciegas y el cuoteo político para imponer un gobierno reaccionario.

Para esto, su principal figura es Luis Fernando Camacho, representante de la derecha fascista empresarial cruceña, que ya propuso conformar un gobierno “transitorio”, pero también cuentan con los parlamentarios derechistas que cogobernaron con el MAS los últimos 5 años y las cúpulas militares y policiales.

No podemos permitir que la derecha fascista empresarial cruceña, apoyada por los militares y el imperialismo decida el gobierno y el futuro del país. Ya sea mediante un gobierno “transitorio” u otras variantes, como que una Asamblea Legislativa enemiga del pueblo, compuesta de masistas y derechistas que acompañaron la política del MAS, de curso a la sucesión constitucional; o de una junta militar, serian todas reaccionarias antipopulares.

Rechazamos los intentos de imponer un gobierno reaccionario por cualquiera de estas vías.

Por eso propusimos desde la verdadera izquierda: “Ni Evo, Ni Mesa, Ni Camacho ni los militares! Por una Alternativa de los trabajadores y las trabajadoras de la ciudad y del campo” (Declaración del PT-PSR del 8 de noviembre).

Nos sumamos al reclamo de fabriles de Cochabamba, mineros de Potosí y la CSUTCB Genaro Flores, de que se realice un urgente Congreso Extraordinario de la COB, invitando especialmente a las organizaciones campesinas e indígenas, y juveniles, para formar gobierno Transitorio.

Imponer una agenda de los trabajadores, entre otros puntos una verdadera nacionalización de San Cristóbal empresa japonesa mimada del Evo Morales, desconocer la deuda externa acumulada en estos años que se usó para corrupción y obras inútiles, librar la lucha contra la oligarquía (CAO, CAINCO, Camacho, etc.) que fue aliada del MAS durante los últimos días 10 años, etc.

Convocar desde el Congreso abierto de la COB reorganizada a formar una Asamblea Popular con representantes de organizaciones de base de los trabajadores de la ciudad y el campo, de jóvenes e indígenas, para resolver futuro del país y garantizar elecciones realmente limpias y libres sin restricciones para ningún candidato de los sectores populares.

Alternativa Revolucionaria del Pueblo Trabajador (ARPT), sección de la UIT-CI en Bolivia.

11 de Noviembre de 2019

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All support to the Chilean people!

Thousands of young people, workers and popular sectors took to the streets in Santiago and in all the cities of the country to repudiate the actions of President Piñera and the military.

While the barricades in Ecuador, where the indigenous people, the students and the working people had defeated the rise in fuel decreed by the bosses’ government and the IMF, had not been extinguished yet, in Chile thousands went out to question the rise in Metro tariffs.

Faced with the massive protest, Piñera’s government backed down, cancelling the subway increase. But the people continued in the streets repudiating the repression and all the policy of surrender and reduction of the standard of living carried out by Piñera’s government.

Why is this uprising taking place? Days before, Piñera said Chile was an “oasis” in Latin America as opposed to what was happening in Ecuador. Imperialism and the multinationals used Chile’s “order” as an example. Chile’s true face is something else for the impoverished Chilean people. The rise in the subway was only the trigger of the anger accumulated during years of austerity policies this government and the previous ones of the “Concertación” (Concertation) and the faked Bachelet’s Socialism applied.

Piñera did nothing but deepen the austerity to continue benefitting the big businessmen. An austerity that materialised in the sustained raise in the cost of living that this government has promoted, such as the price of transportation and basic services such as water, electricity and food. The support of privatisations. The attack on health and public education.

The working people and youth of Chile said: Enough!

Piñera’s reactionary government declared a state of emergency that sought to silence the demonstrations and claims. It even imposed a curfew. Since it was not enough with the Chilean police (the hated “pacos”), he took the military out into the streets. He spoke of declaring a “war” against the “criminals”. The response of the Chilean people and youth did not last long. Thousands took to the streets, ignoring the state of emergency. They banged pots and pans and organised hundreds of assemblies in the neighbourhoods of Santiago on Sunday. On Monday, thousands mobilised again in defiance of the military and Piñera’s state of emergency. And the working class went along. There was a miners’ strike, as did the port workers of Antofagasta and the truck drivers protested for the tolls. On Tuesday, the health workers joined in. In Chile, there is a state of a general strike.

The overflow of the mass movement took Piñera and his pro-imperialist capitalist government by surprise as they swarmed the streets with no direction. The same happened with the trade union centres and the employers’ opposition and reformist parties. And now they call for a “dialogue” (Bachelet, the Communist Party and the Broad Front) and stop the struggle. The people shout in the streets, “Down With the rising cost of living! Let Piñera and the military leave!”

The Socialist Workers’ Movement (MST), Chilean section of the IWU-FI, is a part, from the start, of this popular, youthful and hardworking rebellion for their rights and against Piñera’s government. As revolutionary socialists we are in the street raising those same slogans, that the economic model of hunger and surrender has to end, not to pay the foreign debt, repression must end: it has already led to 10 deaths and hundreds of wounded, outside the police and the military, freedom for those arrested, Piñera must leave, the curfew and the state of emergency must stop. The MST raises the need to unite the struggle in a general strike. Chile needs a fundamental change: the workers and the people will once and for all lead the country.

The mobilisations in Ecuador and Chile show the people can defeat the IMF and the governments and their austerity plans. These examples impress Latin America and the world. There are struggles and protests everywhere in the region. We have to unite the workers, youth and popular struggle against the IMF, the multinationals and the austerity governments. It is necessary to raise a front of debtor countries so as not to pay the fraudulent foreign debt and break with the IMF. Ecuador and Chile show us the way. Now it is necessary to support the struggle of the Chilean people and youth to succeed over Piñera’s government and its criminal repression.

From the IWU-FI we join all the unitary mobilisations to support the Chilean people and we call to carry out new actions.

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI)-21 October 2019

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Lebanon: Popular revolt against the government’s austerity policy The people want the regime to leave!

In Lebanon, since 17 October, the most massive mobilisations in the country’s history against the austerity policies the government set in motion has continued. Starting especially in Beirut and other cities of the country, the people are on the streets. They are confronting, without taking a step back, the armed security forces’ tear gas and rubber bullets.

What has been the spark that ignited the masses was the governmental charge of a tax of 0.20 dollars per day on the use of the WhatsApp application. However, behind the massive fury are the country’s structural problems arising from the serious economic crisis.

Lebanon is one country with the highest foreign debt in the region and last May, the government of Saad Hariri agreed with other political forces on an austerity plan to take the economy out of the crisis. The plan was to make the workers pay the bill for the crisis, which includes measures such as cuts in public spending, lowering the salaries of public workers and raising direct and indirect taxes.

In fact, the Lebanese people already lacked supplies of electricity, water and gas, and there is not enough sanitary aid. Now the sum of further cuts in public services exploded the mounting popular rage. Another factor that provoked the anger of the people has been the insufficient intervention of the government, because of the social cuts, in the fight against the over a hundred forest fires that a week before had destroyed a good part of the natural wealth of the country.

After the mass mobilisations, the government withdrew its decision to impose new taxes on Internet communication. In addition, Prime Minister Hariri asked his colleagues to prepare a new plan against the economic crisis. However, the government’s steps have not calmed the people and put an end to demonstrations.

The Lebanese takes the current crisis not because of the government’s policies but as a problem of the corrupt capitalist political regime. In the focus of popular anger are the corrupt political parties of the regime mostly led by the richest businessmen who exploit the country’s resources. That is why the main slogan of the Lebanese streets is “the people want the regime to leave”. The same one that the masses of the Middle East and North Africa shouted since 2011 in Tunisia.

We, the International Workers’ Unit-Fourth International (IWU-FI), support the struggle of the Lebanese working people against the consequences of the economic crisis and against the regime that provokes it. We consider this struggle as the continuation of the mobilisations that began with the same slogans in 2011 in the region and that in 2019 followed in Sudan, Algeria, Egypt and Iraq. In Lebanon, to guarantee the rights won through mobilisations and the continuity of the workers’ and people’s struggle, we believe that it is very important to build a plan of struggle and a programme independent from the current regime and imperialism as part of the building of a new revolutionary and internationalist leadership. In this task the Lebanese socialists and class organisations have an enormous responsibility. We call on all internationalist revolutionaries to show solidarity with the fighting people of Lebanon.

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI)-21 October 2019

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¡Todo el apoyo al pueblo chileno!

Miles de jóvenes, de trabajadoras, trabajadores y de sectores populares salieron a las calles en Santiago de Chile y en todas las ciudades del país a repudiar el accionar del presidente Piñera y de los militares.

No se habían apagado las barricadas de Ecuador, donde el pueblo indígena, los estudiantes y el pueblo trabajador había derrotado el alza del combustible decretado por el gobierno patronal y el FMI, cuando en Chile miles salieron a cuestionar el viernes 18, el aumento de las tarifas del Metro.

Ante la masividad de la protesta el gobierno de Piñera se echó atrás. Anulando el aumento del metro. Pero la gente siguió en las calles repudiado la represión y toda la política de entrega y de reducción del nivel de vida que lleva adelante el gobierno de Piñera.

¿Por qué se produce este estallido? Días antes Piñera decía que Chile era un “oasis” en Latinoamérica frente a lo que pasaba en Ecuador. El imperialismo y las multinacionales ponían de ejemplo el “orden” de Chile. La realidad de Chile se mostró que es otra cosa para un pueblo empobrecido. El aumento del metro solo fue el detonante de la bronca acumulada durante años de políticas de ajuste de este gobierno como de los anteriores de la “Concertación” y la supuesta “socialista” de Bachelet.

Piñera no hizo más que profundizar el ajuste para seguir beneficiando a los grandes empresarios. Ajuste que se materializó en el alza sostenida del costo de la vida que este gobierno ha impulsado, como el alza del precio del transporte y de servicios básicos como agua, luz y alimentación. El sostén de las privatizaciones. El ataque a la salud y a la educación pública.

El pueblo trabajador y la juventud de Chile dijeron: Basta!

El gobierno reaccionario de Piñera decretó el estado de emergencia que pretendía acallar las manifestaciones y los reclamos. Hasta impuso un toque de queda. Como no le alcanzaba con los carabineros (los odiados “pacos”) sacó a los militares a las calles. Habló que declaraba una “guerra” a los “delincuentes”. La respuesta del pueblo y la juventud chilena no se hizo esperar. Miles salieron a las calles desconociendo el estado de emergencia. Se hicieron cacerolazos y se organizaron cientos de asambleas en los barrios de Santiago durante el domingo 20. El lunes 21 miles se volvieron a movilizar desafiando a los militares y al estado de emergencia de Piñera. Y se empezó a sumar la clase trabajadora. Hubo huelga de los mineros, de los portuarios de Antofagasta y los camioneros protestaron por los peajes. El martes 22 paran los trabajadores de la salud. En Chile se vive un estado de huelga general.

Piñera y su gobierno capitalista pro imperialista, se ha visto sorprendido por el desborde del movimiento de masas que ha salido a la calle sin ninguna dirección. Las centrales sindicales y los partidos de oposición patronal y reformistas también fueron sorprendidos. Y ahora llaman al “dialogo” (Bachelet, el Partido Comunista y el Frente Amplio) y no a seguir la lucha. El pueblo grita en las calles Abajo el alza del costo de vida! Que se vayan Piñera y los milicos!

El Movimiento Socialista de los Trabajadores (MST), sección chilena de la UIT-CI, es parte, desde el primer momento, de esta rebelión popular, juvenil y trabajadora por sus derechos y contra el gobierno de Piñera. Como socialistas revolucionarios estamos en la calle levantando aquellas mismas consignas, que se termine el modelo económico de hambre y entrega, basta de pagar la deuda externa, basta de represión que ya lleva 10 muertos y centenares de heridos, fuera los carabineros y los militares, libertad a los detenidos por luchar, que se vaya Piñera, el toque de queda y el estado de emergencia. El MST levanta la necesidad de unificar la lucha en una huelga general. En Chile se necesita un cambio de fondo: que sean los trabajadores y el pueblo los que dirijan de una vez el país.

Las movilizaciones en Ecuador y Chile muestran que los pueblos pueden derrotar al FMI y a los gobiernos y sus planes de ajuste. Estos ejemplos están impactando en Latinoamérica y el mundo. Hay luchas y protestas en el resto de la región. Hay que unificar la lucha obrera, juvenil y popular contra el FMI, las multinacionales y los gobiernos del ajuste. Es necesario levantar un frente de lucha de países deudores para no pagar la fraudulenta deuda externa y romper con el FMI. Ecuador y Chile nos marcan el camino. Ahora hay que apoyar incondicionalmente la lucha del pueblo y la juventud chilena para triunfen derroten al gobierno de Piñera y su represión criminal.

Desde la UIT-CI nos sumamos a todas las movilizaciones unitarias en apoyo al pueblo chileno y llamamos a seguir realizando nuevas acciones.

Unidad Internacional de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI)-21 de octubre de 2019
(read in english)

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