Why did the No win in Colombia?

By Miguel Sorans


The result of the plebiscite in Colombia has caused a global impact. The adjusted victory of the No to the peace agreement of the Santos government and the FARC [Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia] — endorsed by Cuba, Obama, the UN, the Pope, Maduro, and Macri, among others —, has surprised everyone.

The NO won with a difference of only 55,000 votes (6,432,000 to 6,377,000). Apparently, the only winner would be the rightist former President Alvaro Uribe, who promoted the No. This can lead to the conclusion that this result is a “new” expression of an alleged “right turn” that exists in Latin America. This is not the case. They are new distorted expressions of the anger of millions to the “covenants” of those above.

The other data of the plebiscite is that what actually triumphs is abstention that reached 63 percent. One could argue that in Colombia, where voting is not compulsory, this is a “normal” abstention. But given the exceptional event of an agreement that was endorsed by all powers and political figures of the world, from Obama to Raul Castro through the world reformist left and even the Pope, that an abstention rate of 63 percent is maintained shows that workers and Colombian peasants did not see that this agreement was going to change their life of exploitation and misery.

The workers and popular sectors of large cities did not see that the agreements would affect positively anything and therefore did not vote. The plebiscite did not motivate sectors of the population to vote.

The urban areas of majority middle-class composition (except Bogota, Cali and Barranquilla), minorities in the occupation of territory and less affected in terms of confrontation, imposed the majority. In places where the FARC presence was strong, the NO also won, such as in the provinces of Meta, Caqueta (where the FARC made their last conference), Tolima and Huila.

The background of this result is explained by several reasons. First, the political and military degeneration of the FARC in its later years took them to earn the growing rejection among the population, who daily saw the FARC acting counter to their interests. In addition, they were also identified as a decadent and corrupt guerrilla linked to drug trafficking. Therefore this agreement was frowned upon as it offered a number of perquisites for years to its members, while the agreement did not mean either land reform or large social gains for peasants and workers. Uribe took advantage of this for his vote for the No, which resulted in a punishment vote to the FARC.

Second, the result also reflected the disbelief of the masses in this pro-bosses and pro-US government of Santos, which has been implementing an economic plan against the people. The 63 percent abstention is also a rejection of the agreements of those above. It shows that the masses do not defer to the Pope and the heads of imperialism in whom they do not believe. With this, we do not aim to make the simplistic caricature that those millions are moving to the left. Of course, there are in Colombia sectors of middle and upper class which are the electoral base of Uribe. But it is categorical that an important part of the popular vote for NO and the abstention are not of the right but that they express, in a way, their hatred of the agreements of those above. Which are those who in Colombia for years endorsed the actions of violence by security forces and the military arguing the guerrillas always repressed the peasants and workers in their claims. The same reactionary governments who supported the Plan Colombia of the United States (Santos was defence minister in the government of Uribe) and who let run para-militarism and drug trafficking associated with the mafias of the US.

Our socialist current has always denounced that this agreement did not mean any solution to the underlying problems of the Colombian people. The result of the plebiscite opens a political crisis in Colombia. The government of Santos, imperialism, Cuba, the leadership of the Cuban CP and the FARC have been paralysed. Surely new negotiations will open in which representatives of the NO led by Alvaro Uribe will be present. It is not by chance this nefarious character of Colombia’s far-right has stated that the solution is a National Pact of all political actors of which he and his party had been excluded in the initial negotiations.


This article originally appeared in International Correspondence N° 39, October 2016.


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Saturday October 1st worldwide Day of Fury in Aleppo


The people of Aleppo, which resists the genocide Al Assad, is systematically bombed by Syrian and Russian planes, with the passive complicity of the US.  Aleppo is the Guernica of the 21st century. About 300 thousand people resist this criminal onslaught. They are under siege and heroically still resisting.

Organizations and personalities from around the world have called for a global day of solidarity with the people of Aleppo and demanding an end to these bombings and the site to Aleppo.

The Revolutionary Socialists of the IWU-CI join in this call and call political, social and student organizations that they call themselves democratic, as well as the left, to unite in solidarity with the Syrian people who are resisting heroically in Aleppo and in dozens of cities. In the battle for Aleppo the fate of the Syrian people is being played.

Stop bombing Aleppo!!We demand the end of siege to Aleppo!  Russians and America out of Syria!No to ISIS! Turkey and Iran out of Syria!Down with Al Assad!Governments must break diplomatic relations with the butcher Al Assad!Unconditional solidarity with the Syrian people!

International Workers Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI)

September 26, 2016.





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The Siege of Aleppo and Syria: Al Assad and Putin, stop the bombing!

The photograph of the boy named Omran, with his face covered in blood and dust after being injured in a bombing in the city of Aleppo, traveled around the world. It became a new image of the horror of war and the criminal bombing by Al Assad and the Russian regimes aircraft . The siege of Aleppo and its systematic bombing seeks to liquidate the heroic resistance of a people who are still fighting in spite of being attacked by a ferocious dictatorship and the great military powers that support it.

By Miguel Lamas


In the first week of August rebel militias broke the siege of Aleppo imposed by Bashar al Assad’s army. The devastating response by the dictatorship was a counteroffensive comprised of massive bombing from Putin’s aircraft on rebel-held areas of Aleppo. The new development is that Russia made a military pact with Iran to use its military airports for their giant aircraft (which cannot use the smaller airport that Russia has in its military base in Latakia, Syria). In this way, tons of bombs are being dropped on rebel Aleppo on a daily basis. About 300,000 people are under siege; many children have died and thousands are directly affected by the collapse of their homes.

Now these Russian aircrafts are bombarding the Kurds.

For the first time since the beginning of the war, Al Assad’s army bombed Kurdish military bases in Syria with the help of the huge Russian ‘super’ aircraft  launched from Iran even though these Kurdish and rebel militias are fighting ISIS there.

Neither the Syrian army—which is too busy trying to contain the popular rebellion in Damascus and Aleppo— nor their Russian allies had attacked the Kurds until now. This attack has to do with a new ally who has made a pact with Putin: Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan. Turkey is a NATO member, thus, it is a US ally; but now it also made a pact with Putin to fight “terrorists” who, from Erdogan’s view point, are mainly the Kurds.

And what is the role of the United States?

Theoretically it is against the bombing of Aleppo, which it “regrets”. Obama even tells a joke at the expense of the conflict, saying that his hair went gray from having so many meetings on Syria. But he lets the Russians act. The major US daily The Washington Post criticizes: “While Aleppo is destroyed, Mr. Obama is taking a break”. On the same note, the US newspaper quoted a recent statement by doctors in Aleppo: “The burden of responsibility for the crimes of the Syrian government and its Russian ally must be shared by all those, including the United States, which allows the crimes to go on”.

It is clear that Putin is doing the dirty work for the imperialist powers. While Obama talks about “fighting terrorism” (which excludes Assad and Russia) there is a tacit approval of the Al Assad dictatorship. The US sends some weapons (it never sends heavy weapons and anti-aircraft weapons that allow the syrian rebels to defend themselves), and advisers to Kurdish rebels; but only to control them so they do not fight the dictatorship but only ISIS. It should be recalled that ISIS was originally armed by Saudi Arabia, a US ally, though now it is out of control and everyone considers it an enemy.

It is necessary that the left, the international labor movement and all democratic and anti-imperialist sectors unite in solidarity with the Syrian people who are resisting heroically in Aleppo and dozens other cities. In the battle for Aleppo, the fate of the Syrian people is at stake and the outcome will have global consequences. We call on the people of the world to show solidarity with the rebellious people of Aleppo and everywhere else in Syria. As the International Workers Unity-Fourth International (IWI-FI), we support the fighters and rebel militias without lending our support to their political leaderships. Down with Assad! Stop the bombing by Russia and the imperialists! No to ISIS! Turkey and Iran, get out of Syria! For the unity of Syrian rebels and Kurds! We call on governments to break diplomatic relations with Bashar Al Assad! No to European fortresses! Freedom of movement for refugees!


Originally published in Izquierda Socialista newspaper.



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Turkey: No to Military Coup! Time to protect our freedom. No to the coup and the repressive Erdogan regime!

We publish here a statement by the Workers’ Democracy Party,  section of the International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International in Turkey.


We have witnessed a military coup attempt that had started gaining visibility late last night. Following the military junta’s seize of certain critical locations such as the Office of the Chief of the Army and that of the General Command of the Gendarmerie, a failed coup attempt took place before the eyes of Turkey. While more than 60 people died during the conflicts that followed, about 1400 members of the Turkish Armed Forces got detained. The Turkish National Assembly was bombed for the first time in Turkish history. While the conflicts still continue in certain locations, the failure of the attempt has already been practically proven.

As Workers’ Democracy party, we are in strict opposition to a military coup. If the coup that was supposedly initiated in name of “reinstituting democracy, human rights and the supremacy of the law” were to succeed, that would have meant the complete erasure of all democratic rights and freedoms that have already been largely cut short by the palace regime. It should never be forgotten that the military is a fundamental leg of the ongoing repressive regime.

At the same time, this attempted military coup signals a new culmination for the deepening crisis of the regime in Turkey. The tangible ground of this coup attempt has been built on top the repressive policies carried out by the palace regime. The fact that Erdogan was the target of this coup cannot conceal his responsibility in bringing the country to the brink of a collapse. Being against military coup under no circumstance means to support Erdogan’s repressive regime.

In the aftermath of this failed military coup attempt, there is a widespread concern among large sectors of the society that this unsuccessful attempt will be used as means to justify increased repression of the palace regime. The only real solution against the military juntas as well as against the repression of the palace regime is the mobilization of the masses of workers, youth, women, Kurds and all other repressed and exploited sectors against repressive and looter policies as well as these masses’ persistent efforts to claim democratic rights and freedoms.

Workers Democracy Party of Turkey | International Workers Unity–Fourth International (IWU–FI) | July 16, 2016



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Askeri darbeye hayır! Özgürlüklerimizi hem darbeye hem de Saray rejiminin baskılarına karşı savunalım!

Dün akşam saatlerinden itibaren görünürlük kazanmaya başlayan bir askeri darbe girişimine tanıklık etmekteyiz. Askeri cuntanın Genel Kurmay Karargahı, Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı gibi bazı stratejik yerleri ele geçirmesinin ardından, tüm Türkiye’nin canlı yayında gözleri önünde gerçekleşen başarısız bir darbe girişimi yaşandı. Çıkan çatışmalarda 60’tan fazla kişi hayatını kaybederken, 1400’e yakın TSK mensubu gözaltına alındı. Türkiye tarihinde ilk kez TBMM bombalandı. Çatışmalar bazı yerlerde halen devam etmekle birlikte, girişimin başarısızlığa artık neredeyse kesinlik kazanmış durumda.

İşçi Demokrasisi Partisi olarak askeri darbenin kesin olarak karşısındayız. “Demokrasi, insan hakları ve hukukun üstünlüğünün yeniden tesisi” gibi amaçlarla yapıldığı açıklanan askeri darbenin başarıya ulaşması, Saray rejimi tarafından iyice budanmış demokratik hak ve özgürlüklerin tamamen ortadan kaldırılması anlamına gelecekti. Ordunun, Türkiye’de süregelen baskı rejiminin daima temel dayanaklarından birisi olduğu asla unutulmaması gerekir.

Öte yandan, gerçekleşen bu askeri darbe girişimi, Türkiye’de derinleşmekte olan rejim krizinin yeni bir zirvesi anlamına gelmektedir. Bu darbe girişiminin nesnel zemini Saray rejiminin uyguladığı baskı politikalarıyla örülmüştür. Erdoğan’ın bu darbenin hedefi olması, ülkeyi felaketin eşiğine sürüklediği yıkım tablosundaki sorumluluğunu bir an bile olsun unutturamaz. Askeri darbeye karşı olmak Erdoğan’ın baskı rejimini desteklemek anlamına kesinlikle gelmemektedir.

Başarısız darbe girişiminin ardından, bu girişimin Saray rejiminin baskıyı ve kontrolü artırmasında bir araç olarak kullanılacağına ilişkin toplumun geniş kesimlerinde haklı bir endişe bulunmaktadır. Hem askeri cuntalara hem de Saray rejiminin baskılarına karşı tek çözüm, emekçi yığınların, gençlerin, kadınların, Kürtlerin, ezilen ve sömürülen tüm kesimlerin demokratik hak ve özgürlüklerine sahip çıkması, çürüyen rejimin baskı ve yağma politikalarına karşı seferber olmasıdır.

 İşçi Demokrasisi Partisi | 16 Temmuz 2016

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Turquía: ¡Es momento de defender nuestra libertad del golpismo y del régimen represivo de Erdogan!

Declaración del Partido de la Democracia Obrera (IDP) de Turquía, sección de la UIT-CI, de repudio al golpe militar!

Hemos sido testigos de un intento de golpe militar que ha cobrado visibilidad en la noche de ayer. El levantamiento militar tomó el control de lugares importantes como la jefatura del ejército y el Comando de la Gendarmería. Un golpe fallido delante de los ojos de Turquía. Mientras centenares de personas murieron durante el conflicto, alrededor de 1400 miembros de las fuerzas armadas quedaron detenidos. La Asamblea Nacional fue bombardeada por primera vez en la historia de Turquía. Mientras el conflicto continúa en algunos puntos, el intento de golpe ya fue prácticamente derrotado.

Como Partido de la Democracia Obrera, estamos férreamente en contra del golpe militar. Si el golpe como supuesta iniciativa para lograr “restaurar la democracia, los derechos humanos y la supremacía de las leyes” triunfaba hubiera significado la eliminación de todos los derechos y libertades democráticas que ya han estado siendo atacadas por el régimen “del palacio” de Erdogan. No debemos nunca olvidar que los militares son una pata fundamental del actual régimen represivo.

Al mismo tiempo, este intento de golpe militar marca el final de una profunda crisis del régimen en Turquía. La base tangible de este intento de golpe se construyó sobre las políticas represivas llevadas adelante por el régimen. El hecho de que Erdogan sea el objetivo de este golpe no debe borrar su responsabilidad de haber llevado el país al borde del colapso. Estar en contra del golpe bajo ninguna circunstancia significa apoyar el régimen represivo de Erdogan.

Con las repercusiones de este intento de golpe existe una preocupación reinante entre importantes sectores de la sociedad de que este intento frustrado de golpe sea usado para aumentar la represión por parte del régimen. La única solución real, tanto contra las dictaduras y la represión del régimen, es la movilización de las masas trabajadoras, de la juventud y las mujeres, los kurdos y todos los sectores reprimidos y explotados contra la represión y las políticas de saqueo junto a los esfuerzos del pueblo en la exigencia de derechos y libertades democráticas.

Partido de la Democracia Obrera (IDP), sección de la UIT-CI (Unidad Internacional de los Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional) en Turquía.

16 de Julio de 2016

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Stop racist violence in the USA! Black lives matter!

Statement by the International Workers Unity-Fourth International (IWU_FI)


The murder of two more black men, Philando Castile (32, teacher, in Minnesota) and Alton Sterling (37 years, CD seller, Louisiana) by the American racist police sparked large protests in the United States, which reverberated in Europe. The murders were filmed and broadcast on social networks, helping to visualise the enormous racist brutality. In both cases, there was no resistance against the action of police who were allegedly acting on minor infractions (Castile had a broken headlight of his car and was killed because the police “suspected” he could draw a weapon).

That is, these are typical racist murders that have made infamous the United States and its police.

Just days later, another black man, David Brown, a veteran of the invasion of Afghanistan, killed five white police officers, as part of a march of blacks, Latinos and whites against the killings of Minnesota and Louisiana. Before he was killed, he could state he did not belong to any terrorist organization, and just wanted to kill white cops.

A desperate reaction to so much racist violence, but wrong and which is used by the US government for greater repression, to unify the racist police, and for “bad” Bush and “good” Obama to appear united and holding hands at the funeral of the dead policemen in Dallas. The road ahead is to expand the demonstrations that broke out in many cities in the US.

The United States has experienced several episodes full of racial tension since more than one year ago, especially since the death in the city of Ferguson, Missouri, in August 2014, of unarmed young black Michael Brown at the hands of a white cop who was later exonerated of all charges.

The numbers of those killed by police are chilling. In total 519 people have been reported killed by police in 2016, of which 23 percent were black (i.e. double the proportion of the black population). Also, the “Latino” youth (i.e. all Latin Americans or their children) are victims of this racist violence. The United States is also the country with the most prisoners in relation to its population and this proportion grows threefold in blacks compared to whites. Blacks and Hispanics are 60 percent of prisoners, despite being only 30 percent of the population.

Because of this situation, a new civil rights movement has emerged in the US, called Black Lives Matter, which demands an end to racist police violence. The right, with assistance from the bourgeois press, calls to prosecute activists of the organisation Black Lives Matter and accuse them of “violent”. They are creating a climate of fear to repress the African-American community, the workers, and all progressive movements.

From the IWU–FI we join the demands of the black population to put an end to racist violence, an end to police impunity and judicial protection to police, punishment, and expulsion from the service of all police perpetrators.

Extending the mobilization in the United States itself and international solidarity are essential to stop these attacks. We call on the democratic organisations of workers and students, to speak out in solidarity with the American black people and for an end to racist violence.

International Workers Unity–Fourth International (IWU–FI)

13 July 2016




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¡Alto a la violencia racista en Estados Unidos! “Las vidas de los negros importan

Declaración de la Unidad Internacional de los Trabajadores (UIT-CI)



El asesinato de otros dos hombres negros, Philando Castile (32 años,docente, en Minnesota) y Alton Sterling (37 años, vendedor de CDs, Louisiana) por la policía racista norteamericana desencadenó grandes protestas en Estados Unidos, las cuales repercutieron en Europa. Los asesinatos fueron filmados y difundidos por redes sociales, lo que ayudó a visualizar la enorme brutalidad racista. En ambos casos no hubo ninguna resistencia al accionar policial que actuaba ante presuntas infracciones muy menores (Castile llevaba un faro roto de su automóvil y fue muerto porque el policía “sospechó” que podía sacar un arma).

Es decir, son típicos asesinatos racistas que han hecho tristemente célebre a Estados Unidos y a su policía.

Días después otro hombre negro, David Brown, veterano de la invasión a Afganistán, mató 5 policías blancos, en el marco de una marcha de negros, latinos y blancos contra los asesinatos de Minnesota y Louisiana. Antes de que lo mataran, pudo declarar que no pertenecía a ninguna organización terrorista, y que quería matar policías blancos.

Una reacción desesperada ante tanta violencia racista, pero equivocada, la cual es utilizada por el gobierno norteamericano para una mayor represión, unificar a la policía racista, y que aparezcan el “malo” Bush y el “bueno” Obama, unidos y de la mano en el funeral de los policías muertos en Dallas. El camino es ampliar las movilizaciones que se desataron en muchas ciudades de los EE.UU.

Estados Unidos ha vivido varios episodios cargados de tensión racial desde hace más de un año, especialmente desde la muerte en la ciudad de Ferguson, en el estado de Missouri, en agosto de 2014, del joven negro desarmado Michael Brown a manos de un agente blanco, que luego fue exonerado de todos los cargos.

Las cifras de asesinados por la policía son escalofriantes. En total reportan a 519 muertos por la policía en el año 2016, de los cuales el 23% eran negros (es decir el doble que la proporción dela población negra). También los jóvenes “latinos” (es decir todos los latinoamericanos o sus hijos) son víctimas de esta violencia racista. También es Estados Unidos el país que tiene más presos en relación a la población y esta proporción crece al triple en los negros respecto a los blancos. Los negros e hispanos son el 60% de los presos, pese a ser apenas el 30% de la población.

Por esta situación ha nacido un nuevo movimiento de derechos civiles en EEUU, llamado “Las vidas de los negros importan” (“Black Lives Matter”), que reclama el fin de la violencia racista de la policía. La derecha, con ayuda de la prensa burguesa, llama a perseguir a los activistas de la organización Black Lives Matter y los acusan de “violentos”. Se está creando un clima de miedo para reprimir a la comunidad afro-americana, a los trabajadores y a todos los movimientos progresistas.

Desde la UIT-CI nos unimos a las demandas de la población negra para exigir el fin de la violencia racista, el fin de la impunidad policial y protección judicial a los policías, castigo y expulsión del servicio de todo policía que agreda.

Extender la movilización en los propios Estados Unidos y la solidaridad internacional es primordial para detener estos ataques. Llamamos a las organizaciones democráticas, de trabajadores y estudiantes, a pronunciarse en solidaridad con el pueblo negro norteamericano y por el fin de la violencia racista.

Unidad Internacional de los Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI)

13 de julio de 2016


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Historical Crisis in the European Union: The British People have voted for Brexit

We publish here a statement on the Brexit vote by  Lucha Internacionalista (International Struggle) from Spain.-SC

Español |  Statement in French by Groupe Socialiste Internationaliste (France)

Cameron announced his resignation, although, a few months before he had won the election by an absolute majority. The government’s Project Fear relied on threats of economic turmoil.  As the stock market began to fall and the pound and euro started to depreciate, central Banks established preventive measures to avoid the crash. It is an unprecedented crisis in the European Union. Other nations fear that this situation could spread.  The unsolved national old problems in Britain (Northern Ireland or Scotland) have returned. The European press explains  Brexit as a result of growing racism. But the European Union does not guarantee solidarity with immigration or respect for the rights of workers. On the contrary, it is an agreement convenient to both large corporations and states.  Brexit deepens the crisis in Europe.

The working class has said NO to: Cameron, large companies, financial markets, political leaders of the EU and Obama. Owen Jones wrote: ” perhaps the most dramatic event in Britain since the war – was, above all else, a working-class revolt. It may not have been the working-class revolt against the political establishment that many of us favoured, but it is undeniable that this result was achieved off the back of furious, alienated working-class votes”[1] . The youth voted overwhelmingly to continue in the  EU, but traditional sectors of Labour voted Leave. If London voted remain in the EU, in working class areas of East Midlands,  Nord-West,  South-West, Yorkshire and Humber, East and Wales, “Leave” won. The same happened around Manchester.

Brexit was a majority in West Midlands, a traditionally Labour area with little preminence of UKIP and without a significant amount of immigration. Therefore, it will be misleading to think Brexit as  lack of solidarity with immigration  and not as the result of the worsening of  living conditions of workers and popular classes for decades of austerity and destruction of  workers’ gains. It is from this rebellion against the establisment tha we must  set the debate on immigration. If the left fails to see the analysis of the referendum from this angle, workers will feel they have been cast adrift and alienated, being a prey to the far right.

It is the policy of European Union and Britain to protect and let develop the far right. The scoundrel murder of Labour MP Jo Cox was used emotionally to prevent people from voting for  Brexit. When an attack is connected to Islamism, it is terrorism; when it is clearly commited by members of the extreme right, as Breivick in Norway  or Jo Cox in England, then it is a crime commited by a mentally disturbed person. This is the result of political manipulation: due to jihadist threats, governments  limit democratic rights, as it is the case in France with the state of emergency and  demonstrations  against labour reform banned.  Extreme right actions are taken more lightly and somehow encouraged by  governments.

The Austrian Social Democratic government has given a red carpet welcome to the far-right Freedom Party, which was on the verge of winning when it raised fear of immigrants in presidential election, being Austria a country of 8.5 million people, with 90,000 immigrants.  Everyday people witness the brutality of Macedonian and Greek police raids gassing immigrant families in Idomeni, the drowned families in the Mediterranean, the walls and concertinas. Then,   who will be horrified with extreme right ideology?

The European Union wobbles: fear of contagion

The balance is so unstable that there is a feeling that as a piece is disengaged the whole puzzle cracks. In Northern Ireland and Scotland the vote is crossed by the national reality, thus the vote Remain . The result of the referendum opens a new crisis: Scotland wants a second referendum for independence. Sinn Fein proposes the referendum for the reunification of Ireland with similar arguments. What will  European politicians do?

Indeed the British popular sectors that imposed Brexit  have opened an unprecedented crisis in the European Union. The fear of contagion in other states of the European Union is clear. Why don’t Greece, France or the Spain  ask the people if they want to continue under the dictates of the troika? The criticism raised in Europe against  Cameron was on the referendum itself  . The same happened with Alexis Tsipras and  the OXI (No)  memorandum. For them, the best thing to do is not to ask,  people should not expressed themselves.

The desperate cry of people to break with the European Union, reflects the legitimate hatred and despair of popular classes. They are submitted to the extreme right and for the worst, as a tool of their hatred of immigrants, oppressive nationalism, its anti-labour policy.  Many on the left defends the European Union and its reform. But  the European Union is an instrument  of capital and states, to undermine working conditions and standard of living of workers and popular classes, to stifle democratic rights and move to stronger police states. There is no possible reform of the EU. Therefore, from internationalit left, we must promote workers and peoples to mobilise in order to break with capitalism and its regional instrument that imposes their plans: the European Union. Our unity goes hand-in-hand with people’s determination, not chains and impositions. Workers union can be developed under an economic system based on the needs of the working majority to build the United Socialist States of Europe.

Internationalist Struggle, section of the IWU-FI, Spain.

June 26, 2016


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Crisis histórica en la Unión Europea… y el pueblo dijo BREXIT

El recurso a la amenaza no funcionó y el pueblo dijo Brexit. Cameron, que hace pocos meses ganaba las elecciones por mayoría absoluta, anuncia su dimisión. El miedo cambió de bando, las bolsas empezaron a caer, la libra y el euro a depreciarse, mientras los bancos centrales ponían medidas preventivas para evitar el desplome. Es una crisis sin precedentes en la Unión Europea, que ve por primera vez como un estado miembro abandona el barco y teme el efecto contagio a otros países. Los viejos problemas nacionales no resueltos en Gran Bretaña como el de Irlanda del Norte o de Escocia vuelven a tomar fuerza. La prensa pro Europea explica el voto como resultado del racismo creciente. Pero la Unión Europea no es garantía de solidaridad con la inmigración ni de respeto de los derechos de los trabajadores, al contrario, es un acuerdo al servicio de las grandes multinacionales y los estados. El no de los británicos profundiza la crisis de la Europa del capital.

La clase obrera y las clases populares han dicho no a quienes les han arruinado la vida: el bloque que formaban Cameron, las grandes empresas y los mercados financieros, los líderes políticos de la UE y Obama. Escribe Owen Jones, ideólogo de izquierdas y partidario de la permanencia de Gran Bretaña en la UE: “Y esto – quizás el acontecimiento más dramático en Gran Bretaña desde la guerra – fue, por encima de todo, una revuelta de la clase obrera. No puede haber sido la revuelta de la clase obrera contra la clase política que muchos de nosotros hubiéramos deseado, pero es innegable que este resultado se forjó con los votos de obreros furiosos y alienados.” Ciertamente, la juventud votó masivamente por continuar en la Unión Europea, pero el voto que consumó el Brexit fue en de sectores tradicionales del laborismo. Si en Londres capital vencía continuar la UE, en las zonas obreras de East Midlands, el Nord-West, el South-West, Yorkshire and Humber, East y en Gales, venció el salir. Lo mismo ocurrió en los alrededores de Manchester.

En la localidad donde más triunfó el Brexit fue West Midlands, zona tradicionalmente laborista, sin apenas incidencia del UKIP y sin una inmigración significativa. Por ello, reducir el voto de esa mayoría obrera y popular a la insolidaridad con la inmigración es cerrar los ojos ante la realidad de deterioro brutal de las condiciones de vida que han supuesto décadas de políticas de austeridad y destrucción de las conquistas obreras. Es desde esa rebeldía contra el establisment que hay que situar también el debate sobre la inmigración. La ruina social de estos años en los barrios populares se va a canalizar en algún sentido. Si no logramos desde la izquierda que se oriente hacia el responsable político del desastre acabará enfrentando a quienes viven en la miseria, por las migajas que caen, y ese es el terreno de la extrema derecha.

Es la política de los gobiernos de la Unión Europea y Gran Bretaña quienes protegen y dan alas a la extrema derecha. El asesinato canalla de la diputada laborista Jo Cox se quizo utilizar en clave emocional para evitar el Brexit, no para denunciar el carácter criminal de la extrema derecha. Cuando un atentado se puede relacionar con islamismo, se trata de terrorismo, cuando es de la extrema derecha –como con Breivick en Noruega- entonces es sólo un perturbado mental. Y ello porque la amenaza jihadista permite imponer un recorte de libertades, como en Francia con el estado de excepción o las prohibiciones de manifestaciones contra la reforma laboral, mientras que la amenaza de la extrema derecha se combate con más libertad y más solidaridad, con la lucha contra el chovinismo gran nacional, y esto no conviene a quienes en Europa están levantando estado cada vez más policiales y van haciendo suyo el discurso de la extrema derecha.

¿Quién sino el Gobierno socialdemócrata austríaco puso alfombra de terciopelo a la extrema derecha del FPÖ –que estuvo a un paso de ganar las presidenciales- cuando levantó todos los fantasmas de los inmigrantes en un país de 8,5 millones de habitantes, cuando cruzaban 90.000 inmigrantes? Si es posible la brutalidad de las cargas policiales macedonias y griegas sobre familias inmigrantes gaseadas en Idomeni, los muertos en el Mediterráneo, los muros y las concertinas, dinero y carta blanca a estados como Turquía o Marruecos… ¿quién se va a escandalizar por las propuestas de la extrema derecha?

La Unión europea se tambalea: miedo al contagio

El equilibrio es tan inestable que el hecho de que una pieza se desencaja y todo el puzle se resquebraja. En Irlanda del Norte y en Escocia el voto viene cruzado por la realidad nacional, y se votó contra el Brexit. El resultado del referéndum reabre una nueva crisis: Escocia plantea un segundo referéndum de independencia. A su vez, el Sinn Fein propone un referéndum para la reunificación de Irlanda con parecidos argumentos. ¿Qué campaña harán esta vez los políticos europeos?

Efectivamente los sectores populares británicos que han impuesto el Brexit han abierto una crisis sin precedentes en la Unión Europea. El miedo al contagio en otros estados de la Unión Europea es evidente, ¿por qué en Grecia, en Francia o en el estado español no se pregunta al pueblo si quieren seguir bajo el dictado de la troika? La crítica que levantan contra Cameron desde las filas conservadoras europeas o socialdemócratas es cómo se le ocurre preguntar al pueblo una cosa tan trascendental. Ya le ocurrió a Alexis Txipras y salió el OXI (No) al memorando. Por ello –dicen- lo mejor es no preguntar, impedir que el pueblo se exprese.

El drama es que la necesidad de romper con la Unión Europea, que refleja el odio legítimo y la desesperación de las clases populares, se deja en manos de la extrema derecha, al servicio de su odio a los inmigrantes, de nacionalismo opresor, de su política antiobrera… La mayoría de la izquierda defiende la Unión Europea y su reforma. Pero no, la Unión Europea es un instrumento al servicio del capital y los estados, un instrumento para imponer un retroceso permanente a las condiciones de trabajo y vida, para ahogar los derechos democráticos y avanzar a estados más fuertes y policiales. No hay reforma posible de la UE. Por ello, desde el internacionalismo y desde la necesaria unidad de los y las trabajadoras y los pueblos, hay que impulsar la movilización permanente por romper con el capitalismo y el instrumento regional para imponer sus planes: la Unión Europea. Nuestra unidad va de la mano de la autodeterminación de los pueblos, no de cadenas e imposiciones. La unidad de los y las trabajadoras no puede ser llevada a cabo más que avanzando hacia un sistema económico basado en las necesidades de la mayoría trabajadora. Por eso frente a la Unión Europea levantamos la defensa de unos Estados Unidos Socialistas de Europa.

Lucha Internacionalista, sección de la UIT-CI, en Estado Español.

26 de junio de 2016



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