25N: For a great international day of struggle against male violence

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This #25N marks the 60th anniversary of the atrocious femicide of the Mirabal sisters, Patria, Minerva and Maria Teresa who were kidnapped, tortured and killed for rebelling against the Trujillo dictatorship in the Dominican Republic. In their memory, 25 November has been established as an international date for the fight against violence against women and gender diversity. Sixty years after that triple femicide, the entire world is crying out: Patricia, Minerva and Maria Teresa Presentes. #NiUnaMenos, vivas nos queremos. (Not One Less-We want us alive)

The combination of the COVID-19 pandemic, together with the current capitalist economic crisis, has only deepened violence against women and gender diversity, with an increase in femicide and transvesticides, sexual abuse and rape, an increase in care work that is feminised, new impediments to access to sexual and reproductive health, an increase in the wage gap and a greater feminisation of poverty.

The precariousness of work for women has deepened, since besides being the most vulnerable and the first to lose their jobs or suffer low wages, teleworking or home-office hours have been imposed, which make schedules more flexible and increase burdens, making double or triple shifts increasingly strenuous, as with millions of teachers, most whom are women, who are at the forefront of government-imposed online education.

Women continue to be the protagonists on the front line of the battle against the pandemic. Women health workers in all countries are doing a heroic job in caring for people suffering from COVID-19 under conditions of government neglect and privatisation of health systems and losing labour rights. Instead of increasing the budgets for supplying the hospitals and hiring more health workers and providing decent salaries, the treasuries are used to pay the foreign debts to the imperialist agencies, or the IMF austerity plans imposed to burden the working class with the crisis.

If we look at the numbers of male violence in the world, they are chilling: only in 2018 (UN) 87.000 women were victims of femicide and new reports of UN Women (2020) show that until April of this year 243 million women and girls between 15 and 49 years old had suffered sexual or physical violence worldwide by their partners or ex-partners. In addition, for every three months of the pandemic, an additional 15 million cases of gender-based violence occur worldwide.

This #25N is not just another date in the feminist calendar, but it comes in the worst crisis in the history of the capitalist-imperialist system. Therefore, we have the challenge to transform it into a great world day of struggle against the capitalist governments of the day, which are responsible for the situation of women and gender diversity. We take the example of working women, black, migrant and indigenous women and of the popular sectors that are on the streets fighting against the austerity plans that are more violence, more oppression and exploitation for working women. Like the Mexican women against femicide and trafficking networks; the Polish women against the attack on the right to abortion; the Chilean women against Piñera and the Pinochet constitution; the Argentinean women with the green tide for the right to decide; the Peruvian women who are leading a popular rebellion against the corrupt political regime; the black and migrant women who are part of the anti-racist rebellion in the heart of imperialism; the Algerian women who promoted the 8M the Hirak and the people’s rebellion; the Turkish women who do not leave the streets to resist and protect their rights, such as alimony for divorced women and the Istanbul Convention that protects and fights patriarchal violence. With all of them we say no more gender-based violence, and we denounce governments are responsible!

As part of the struggle against violence, the women’s movement faces the repressive and criminalisation policy of governments, who commit police abuses on women’s mobilisations, as happened in Cancun, Mexico, where a demonstration demanding justice for the femicide of Alexis was dispersed with gunshots, resulting in several wounded and injured. Repression that we women who fight for our rights face, in every march in the Dignity Square in Chile, the women of the land seizures in Argentina, the Turkish women against Erdogan’s repressive regime.

From the International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International we call for coordinated actions of struggle all over the world against all forms of patriarchal violence by confronting the capitalist governments and the reactionary churches that are enemies of women’s rights. Let us build a great anti-racist, anti-clerical, anti-imperialist, anti-patriarchal and anti-capitalist day all over the world to fight against male violence and for our rights. Against the capitalist governments’ austerity plans, so women workers do not pay for the crisis. Long live the international struggle of women and gender diversity against violence. Let us go out to conquer each of our rights.

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International

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25N: Por una gran jornada internacional de lucha contra la violencia machista

English

Este #25N se cumplen 60 años del atroz femicidio de las hermanas Mirabal, Patria, Minerva y María Teresa que fueron secuestradas, torturadas y asesinadas por rebelarse contra la dictadura de Trujillo en República Dominicana. En su memoria, el 25 de noviembre se ha instalado como una fecha internacional de lucha contra las violencias hacia las mujeres y diversidades sexo-genéricas. A 60 años de aquel triple femicidio el mundo entero grita: Patricia, Minerva y María Teresa Presentes. #NiUnaMenos, vivas nos queremos.

La combinación de la pandemia del COVID-19 junto con la crisis económica capitalista en curso, no ha hecho más que profundizar las violencias hacia las mujeres y diversidades sexo-genéricas, con un crecimiento de los femicidios y trans-travesticidios, los abusos sexuales y violaciones, un incremento de las tareas de cuidado que están feminizadas, nuevos impedimentos al acceso a la salud sexual y reproductiva, aumento de la brecha salarial y mayor feminización de la pobreza.

La precarización laboral para las mujeres se ha profundizado, pues además de ser las más vulneradas y las primeras en perder los empleos o sufrir bajas salariales, se han impuesto las jornadas del teletrabajo o homeoffice, que flexibilizan los horarios, aumentan las cargas, lo que hace que las dobles o triples jornadas sean cada vez más extenuantes, como sucede con millones de docentes, la mayoría mujeres, que están al frente de la educación a distancia impuesta por los gobiernos.

Las mujeres seguimos siendo las protagonistas en la primera línea de batalla contra la pandemia. Las trabajadoras de la salud en todos los países, llevan a cabo una labor heroica al atender a los enfermos por COVID-19 en condiciones de abandono y privatización de los sistemas de salud y de sus derechos laborales por parte de los gobiernos. Y en vez de aumentar los presupuestos para abastecer los hospitales y contratar a más personal de salud y otorgar salarios dignos, se utilizan los erarios para pagar las deudas externas a los organismos imperialistas, o se imponen ajustes provenientes del FMI para cargar la crisis sobre la clase trabajadora.

Si miramos los números de la violencia machista en el mundo son escalofriantes: sólo en 2018 (ONU) 87.000 mujeres fueron víctimas de femicidios y nuevos informes de ONU Mujeres (2020) muestran que hasta abril de este año 243 millones de mujeres y niñas de entre 15 y 49 años habían sufrido violencia sexual o física en todo el mundo por parte de sus parejas o ex parejas. A lo que se suma que por cada 3 meses de pandemia ocurrían 15 millones de casos adicionales de violencia de género en todo el mundo.

Este #25N no es una fecha más dentro del calendario feminista sino que se da en el marco de la peor crisis de la historia del sistema capitalista-imperialista. Por eso, tenemos el desafío de transformarla en una gran jornada mundial de lucha contra los gobiernos capitalistas de turno, que son los responsables de la situación de las mujeres y diversidades sexo-genéricas. Tomamos el ejemplo de las mujeres trabajadoras, las negras, migrantes, indígenas y de los sectores populares que están en las calles dando pelea contra los planes de ajuste y austeridad que son más violencia, mayor opresión y explotación para las trabajadoras. Como las mexicanas contra los femicidios y las redes de trata; las polacas contra al ataque al derecho aborto; las chilenas contra Piñera y la constitución pinochetista; las argentinas con la marea verde por el derecho a decidir; las peruanas que protagonizan una rebelión popular contra el corrupto régimen político; las negras y migrantes que son parte de la rebelión antirracista en el corazón del imperialismo; las mujeres argelinas que impulsaron el 8M el hirak y la rebelión popular; las turcas que no abandonan las calles para resistir y proteger sus derechos adquiridos, como el pago de la subsistencia para las mujeres divorciadas y la Convención de Estambul que otorga protección para prevenir y combatir la violencia patriarcal. Con todas ellas decimos basta de violencia de género, y denunciamos que ¡los gobiernos son los responsables!

Como parte de la lucha contra la violencia, el movimiento de mujeres enfrenta la política represiva y de criminalización de los gobiernos, quienes cometen abusos policíacos sobre las movilizaciones de las mujeres como sucedió en Cancún, México, donde una manifestación que exigía justicia del feminicidio de Alexis fue dispersada a balazos, en la cual hubo varias heridas y heridos. Represión que enfrentamos las mujeres que luchamos por nuestros derechos, como ocurre en cada marcha en la plaza dignidad en Chile, las mujeres de las tomas de tierras en Argentina, las turcas contra el régimen represor de Erdogan.

Desde la Unidad Internacional de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional llamamos a coordinar acciones de lucha en todo el mundo contra toda forma de violencia patriarcal enfrentando a los gobiernos capitalistas y a las iglesias reaccionarias enemigas de los derechos de las mujeres. Construyamos una gran jornada antirracista, anticlerical, antimperialista, antipatriarcal y anticapitalista en todo el mundo para combatir la violencia machista y por nuestros derechos. Contra los ajustes de los gobiernos capitalistas y para que la crisis no la paguemos las trabajadoras. Viva la lucha internacional de las mujeres y de las diversidades sexo-genéricas contra las violencias. Salgamos a conquistar cada uno de nuestros derechos.

Mujeres de la Unidad Internacional de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI)

Noviembre de 2020

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Western Sahara War: We support the Sahrawi people in their struggle to end the Moroccan occupation

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI)

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Western Sahara ceasefire in force since 1991 blew to smithereens on 13 November, after the Moroccan monarchy launched a military attack against Sahrawi demonstrators who were blocking Guerguerat road running across five kilometres in the buffer zone.

This area is covered by the truce agreements and connects the Moroccan-occupied Sahara with Mauritania. Since 21 October the demonstrators have been protesting against the illegal use of the border crossing, a Moroccan violation of the ceasefire, through which goods from the plundering of Western Sahara’s resources such as phosphates and fishing products are also circulating on the maritime platform. Pillage involving multinational companies from Spanish State, the US, France and other nations.

Through attacking civilian protesters, the repressive forces of the Moroccan monarchic regime opened up three new breaches in the Buffer Strip. The Polisario Front, the national liberation movement of the Sahrawi people founded in 1973, repelled the Moroccan attack, pounding with artillery four bases and two checkpoints, and declared the renewal of hostilities. “The war of independence of the people has started”, announced the Polisario Front while the general mobilisation in the liberated territories and the refugee camps in Algeria was activated. There were demonstrations in El-Ayoun and other Sahrawi cities occupied by Morocco, heavily repressed by the monarchy.

Western Sahara is the last territory recognised by the UN pending decolonisation in the African continent. In 2019, the dictatorial Moroccan regime insisted on rejecting a referendum that contains independence as an option. They just allow a relative autonomy within the Moroccan state.

The Sahrawi authorities asked the UN mission, MINURSO, to leave. The purpose of its presence was to guarantee the observation of the truce terms and to organise a self-determination referendum, but in both issues, it has failed. The mission never had the mandate to protect Sahrawi human rights under Moroccan occupation, a limitation permanently denounced by the Sahrawi organisations. In fact, the UN had monitored the completion by way of facts of an extremely oppressive colonial regime of the Kingdom of Morocco. It has the support of the French and American imperialism, the ultra-reactionary regimes of Israel and Saudi Arabia, and the Spanish State collusion as it is still formally the administering power of the territory. Since Felipe Gonzalez and PSOE’s betrayal in the post-Franco period, all governments stood by the status quo of the Moroccan colonial occupation, including the current pseudo-progressive government of PSOE and Podemos.

The border between Western Sahara and Mauritania has been a hot zone for decades. Between 2016 and 2017, Morocco tried to asphalt the five kilometres of road through Guerguerat between the Moroccan military wall and the Mauritanian border, but the Polisario Front mobilised its troops and prevented the work from being completed.

8 November marked the tenth anniversary of the Gdeim Izik Massacre, the eviction and destruction of a protest camp attended by some 20,000 Sahrawis on the outskirts of El Ayoun, followed by a wild repressive raid by the Moroccan dictatorship throughout the occupied territory. At that time, the IWU-FI pronounced itself repudiating the Moroccan repression and supporting the cause of the liberation of the Sahrawi people: “The struggle for the independence of Western Sahara, the last African colony, is part of an international fight for the expulsion of the transnationals that are plundering Africa, producing internal wars and genocides to take possession of its minerals and oil… in a process of semi-colonisation of the whole continent”.

Today, we, the revolutionary socialists, once again call upon the workers’ and popular organisations, which claim to be revolutionary, democratic or anti-imperialist, to support the Sahrawi people in their struggle for self-determination and for the end of the Moroccan colonial occupation. And we are in solidarity with the Amazigh and other oppressed minorities within the Moroccan state. Let us demand the governments of countries like Argentina and Brazil, or most of the European countries, which still do not recognise the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, to do so immediately, and to cease all economic exchanges involving the resources illegally plundered from the occupied Sahara by the transnationals and the Moroccan regime. With the support of the peoples of the world, the Sahrawis will win.

All support to the Sahrawi people in their struggle for freedom and self-determination! Recognition to the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic!

Down with the Moroccan monarchy! Freedom for the Sahrawi political prisoners and all oppressed nationalities in Morocco

Stop the imperialist support of the Moroccan dictatorship! Out with imperialism in North Africa!

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI)
14 November 2020

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Guerre au Sahara occidental: nous soutenons le peuple sahraoui dans sa lutte pour mettre fin à l’occupation marocaine

Le cessez-le-feu en vigueur au Sahara occidental depuis 1991 a été rompu le 13 novembre. Après que la monarchie marocaine ait lancé une attaque militaire contre les manifestants sahraouis en bloquant la route de Guerguerat, qui traverse une zone tampon de cinq kilomètres, qui est prévue par les accords de trêve et relie le Sahara occupé par le Maroc à la Mauritanie. Depuis le 21 octobre, les manifestants protestent contre l’utilisation illégale du passage frontalier, une violation marocaine du cessez-le-feu, par lequel circulent également des marchandises résultant du pillage des ressources du Sahara occidental, comme les phosphates et les produits de la pêche de la plate-forme maritime. Pillage impliquant des entreprises transnationales espagnoles, américaines, françaises et d’autres pays.

En attaquant les manifestants civils, les forces répressives du régime monarchique marocain ont ouvert trois nouvelles brèches dans le territoire militaire d’exclusion. Le Front Polisario, le mouvement de libération nationale du peuple sahraoui fondé en 1973, a repoussé l’attaque marocaine, frappant quatre bases et deux points de surveillance avec de l’artillerie, et a déclaré la reprise de la guerre. “La guerre de libération de tout le peuple a commencé”, a annoncé le Front Polisario, alors que la mobilisation générale dans les territoires libérés et les camps de réfugiés en Algérie était activée. Des manifestations ont également eu lieu à El Ayoun et dans d’autres villes sahraouies occupées par le Maroc, durement réprimées par la monarchie.

Le Sahara occidental est le dernier territoire reconnu par l’ONU comme étant en attente de décolonisation sur le continent africain. En 2019, le régime dictatorial marocain a insisté sur le fait qu’il n’envisage pas un référendum qui inclurait l’option de l’indépendance, mais seulement une certaine autonomie au sein de l’État marocain.

Les autorités sahraouies ont également demandé le retrait de la mission de l’ONU, la MINURSO. Le but de la présence de la mission de l’ONU était de garantir le respect des termes de la trêve et d’organiser un référendum sur l’autodétermination, à ces deux égards la mission a été un échec. La mission n’a jamais eu parmi ses mandats la protection des droits de l’homme des Sahraouis sous occupation marocaine, une limitation qui a été dénoncée en permanence par les organisations sahraouies. En fait, l’ONU a surveillé la consommation par la monarchie marocaine d’un régime colonial extrêmement oppressif. Il bénéficie du soutien des impérialismes français et américain, de régimes ultra-réactionnaires comme Israël et l’Arabie Saoudite, ainsi que de la complicité de l’État espagnol, qui assure officiellement l’administration officielle du territoire. Depuis la trahison de Felipe González et du PSOE dans la période post-franquiste, tous les gouvernements se sont accommodés du statu quo de l’occupation coloniale marocaine, y compris l’actuel gouvernement pseudo-progressif du PSOE et de Podemos.

La frontière entre le Sahara occidental et la Mauritanie est un point chaud depuis des décennies. Entre 2016 et 2017, le Maroc a tenté de paver la route de cinq kilomètres à travers Guerguerat entre le mur militaire marocain et la frontière mauritanienne, mais le Front Polisario a mobilisé ses troupes et empêché l’achèvement des travaux.

Le 8 novembre a marqué le dixième anniversaire du massacre de Gdeim Izik, l’expulsion et la destruction d’un camp de protestation impliquant quelque 20 000 Sahraouis à la périphérie d’El Ayoun, suivi d’une répression sauvage de la dictature marocaine dans tout le territoire occupé. A l’époque, l’UIT-QI s’est prononcée pour le rejet de la répression marocaine et le soutien à la cause de la libération du peuple sahraoui : “La lutte pour l’indépendance du Sahara occidental, dernière colonie africaine, s’inscrit dans une lutte internationale pour l’expulsion des transnationales qui pillent l’Afrique, produisent des guerres internes et des génocides pour s’emparer de ses minéraux et de son pétrole… dans un processus de semi-colonisation de tout le continent”.

Aujourd’hui, une fois de plus, les socialistes révolutionnaires, nous appelons les organisations ouvrières et populaires, qui se réclament de la révolution, de la démocratie ou de l’anti-impérialisme, à soutenir le peuple sahraoui dans sa lutte pour l’autodétermination et pour la fin de l’occupation coloniale marocaine. Nous sommes également solidaires des amazighs et des autres minorités opprimées au sein de l’État marocain. Exigeons que les gouvernements de tous ces pays comme l’Argentine et le Brésil, ou la majorité des pays européens, qui ne reconnaissent pas encore la République arabe sahraouie démocratique, le fassent immédiatement, et qu’ils interrompent en quelque sorte tout échange économique impliquant les ressources illégalement pillées du Sahara occupé par les transnationales et le régime marocain. Avec le soutien des peuples du monde, les Sahraouis gagneraient.

Tout le soutien au peuple sahraoui dans sa lutte pour la liberté et l’autodétermination !

Reconnaissance de la République arabe sahraouie démocratique !

À bas la monarchie marocaine ! Liberté pour les prisonniers politiques sahraouis et toutes les nationalités opprimées au Maroc !

Arrêtez le soutien impérialiste à la dictature marocaine ! À bas l’impérialisme en Afrique du Nord !

Unité Internationale des Travailleurs – Quatrième Internationale (UIT-CI)
14 novembre 2020

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Guerra en el Sahara Occidental: Apoyamos al pueblo saharaui en su lucha por el fin de la ocupación marroquí

Unidad Internacional de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI)

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El alto al fuego vigente en el Sahara Occidental desde 1991 ha saltado por los aires el 13 de noviembre. Luego de que la monarquía marroquí lanzara un ataque militar en contra de manifestantes saharauis que bloqueaban la carretera de Guerguerat, que atraviesa cinco kilómetros de una zona de separación.

Contemplada en los acuerdos de la tregua, y comunica al Sahara ocupado por Marruecos con Mauritania. Los manifestantes protestaban desde el 21 de octubre por el uso ilegal del cruce fronterizo, una violación marroquí del alto al fuego, por el que circulan además mercancías producto del saqueo de recursos del Sahara Occidental como fosfatos y productos de la pesca en la plataforma marítima. Saqueo en el que participan transnacionales españolas, estadounidenses, francesas y de otros países.

Al atacar a los manifestantes civiles, las fuerzas represivas del régimen monárquico marroquí abrieron tres nuevas brechas en el territorio militar de exclusión. El Frente Polisario, el movimiento de liberación nacional del pueblo saharaui fundado en 1973, repelió el ataque marroquí, golpeando con artillería cuatro bases y dos puntos de vigilancia, y declaró la reanudación de la guerra. “Comenzó la guerra de liberación de todo el pueblo”, anunció el Frente Polisario, mientras se activaba la movilización general en los territorios liberados y los campamentos de refugiados en Argelia. También hubo manifestaciones en El Aaiún y otras ciudades saharauis ocupadas por Marruecos, duramente reprimidas por la monarquía.

El Sahara Occidental es el último territorio reconocido por la ONU como pendiente de descolonización en el continente africano. En 2019 el régimen dictatorial marroquí insistió en que no contempla la posibilidad de un referendo que incluya la opción de la independencia, sino solo una cierta autonomía dentro del Estado marroquí.

Las autoridades saharauis han solicitado asimismo el retiro de la misión de la ONU, la MINURSO. El propósito de la presencia de la misión de la ONU era garantizar la observación de los términos de la tregua y organizar un referendo de autodeterminación, en ambos aspectos la misión ha sido un fracaso. La misión nunca tuvo entre sus mandatos la protección de los derechos humanos de los saharauis bajo ocupación marroquí, una limitación que permanentemente denunciaron las organizaciones saharauis. En realidad, la ONU ha vigilado la consumación por la vía de los hechos de un régimen colonial extremadamente opresivo por parte de la monarquía marroquí. Cuenta con el apoyo del imperialismo francés y yanqui, de regímenes ultrarreaccionarios como Israel y Arabia Saudí, así como la complicidad del Estado español, que sigue siendo formalmente la potencia administradora del territorio. Desde la traición de Felipe González y el PSOE, en la etapa postfranquista, todos los gobiernos se han acomodado al statu quo de ocupación colonial marroquí, incluyendo al actual gobierno pseudoprogresista del PSOE y Podemos.

La frontera entre el Sáhara Occidental y Mauritania ha sido una zona caliente durante décadas. Entre 2016 y 2017, Marruecos intentó asfaltar los cinco kilómetros de ruta que atraviesan Guerguerat entre el muro militar marroquí y la frontera mauritana, pero el Frente Polisario movilizó sus tropas e impidió que la obra se completara.

El 8 de noviembre se cumplieron diez años de la Masacre de Gdeim Izik, el desalojo y destrucción de un campamento de protesta en el que participaban unos 20 mil saharauis en las afueras de El Aaiún, seguido de una razzia represiva salvaje por parte de la dictadura marroquí en todo el territorio ocupado. En aquel momento, la UIT-CI se pronunció repudiando la represión marroquí y apoyando la causa de la liberación del pueblo saharaui: “La lucha por la independencia del Sahara Occidental, última colonia africana, se enmarca en un combate internacional por la expulsión de las transnacionales que están saqueando África, produciendo guerras internas y genocidios para adueñarse de sus minerales y petróleo… en un proceso de semicolonización de todo el continente”.

Hoy nuevamente los socialistas revolucionarios llamamos a las organizaciones obreras y populares, a las que se reclamen revolucionarias, democráticas o antiimperialistas, a apoyar al pueblo saharaui en su lucha por la autodeterminación y por el fin de la ocupación colonial marroquí. Así como nos solidarizamos con los amazigh y demás minorías oprimidas dentro del Estado marroquí. Exijamos a los gobiernos de todos aquellos países como Argentina y Brasil, o la mayoría de los países europeos, que aún no reconocen a la República Árabe Saharaui Democrática, que lo hagan inmediatamente, y a que interrumpan de manera todo intercambio económico que involucre los recursos saqueados ilegalmente al Sahara ocupado por parte de las transnacionales y el régimen marroquí. Con el apoyo de los pueblos del mundo, los saharauis vencerán.

¡Todo el apoyo al pueblo saharaui en su lucha por la libertad y la autodeterminación! ¡Reconocimiento a la República Árabe Saharaui Democrática!

¡Abajo la monarquía marroquí! ¡Libertad para los presos políticos saharauis y de todas las nacionalidades oprimidas en Marruecos!

¡Alto al apoyo imperialista a la dictadura marroquí! ¡Fuera el imperialismo del Norte de África!

Unidad Internacional de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI) | 14 de noviembre de 2020.

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Donald Trump was defeated!

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International

In the IWU-FI we share the celebrations of workers, the anti-racist movement and the majority of the American people, as well as people from other countries.

On 7 November it was confirmed that President Donald Trump lost the election, though he keeps saying he was the victim of fraud. This happens amid a pandemic and in the worst world capitalist crisis.

In the IWU-FI we share the celebrations of workers, the anti-racist movement and the majority of the American people, as well as people from other countries. The right-wing, racist, and misogynous billionaire lost the election. He denied the COVID-19, dismantled the health care system, stood up for the murderous police that killed George Floyd, and subdued peoples around the world with his plundering plans in favour of transnational companies and bankers. Trump was the president of the imperialist capitalism that only offers hunger, social inequality and it is a threat for the planet for the environmental destruction. He even denied climate change caused by the irrational use of resources that multinationals and capitalist governments do.

To celebrate Trump’s defeat does not mean to support or have expectations on Joe Biden, who won representing the other bosses’ imperialist party, the Democratic Party. Biden was Obama’s vice president who not only did not solve any of the workers, black or poor people’s problems, but also bailed out banks and multinational companies in the 2008 capitalist crisis and imposed austerity measures on the rest of the world.

For that, workers and peoples around the world should not place their hope on Biden, but on workers, the anti-racist and women’s movement in struggle in the USA that fought Trump on the streets.

Trump’s electoral defeat is also a great political defeat for the whole of the world’s far-right, for Salvini, Le Pen, Bolsonaro, Orban of Hungary, the Vox party of the Spanish State, the neo-Nazis of Germany or the Golden Dawn of Greece.


Trump’s defeat is the electoral expression of the anti-racist rebellion over the crime of George Floyd and the Covid-19 crisis

It’s rare for a President of the United States not to be re-elected. In the last 100 years, only four could not win the re-election. Trump will be the fifth.

Voter turnout was the highest in history in a country where voting is not mandatory: you have to register to vote and there are all kinds of manoeuvres to dissuade voters in the state legislations. Voter turnout reached 66 per cent of those registered (155 million people). Voting by mail was also a record high: 100 million, despite Trump’s attempts to discourage and hinder it.

Millions voted to get rid of Trump because they hated his racism, the police repression and his denial of Covid. Trump’s defeat can be explained by the fact that there was first the anti-racist rebellion that was unleashed at the end of May because of George Floyd’s police crime. It was a national rebellion. With street demonstrations, called by the Black Lives Matter movement, in all the big cities and which managed to mobilise over 20 million people, larger than the ones against the Vietnam War. The government was divided, it could not get the troops on the streets. The Pentagon chief, Mark Esper, and the head of the Armed Forces did not agree. Trump was then very weakened. A political crisis was apparent. Trump then “fired” Mark Esper on his Twitter account.

The anti-racist rebellion was combined with the disaster of Trump’s management of Covid19. His denial led to the pandemic getting out of control and the United States becoming the first country in number of infected people (10 million) and dead (240,000) by Covid19.


An extreme polarisation of US society for and against Trump

The election result expressed the extreme political and social polarization that exists in the country. And all the contradictions of the American society.

Millions turned out to vote against Trump giving the victory to Biden. But it has also surprised many that millions turned out to vote for Trump.

Although Biden did not achieve a resounding victory, as the polls had predicted, he did achieve the also record of 74 million votes for the Democratic Party’s formula. This is 9 million votes over Hillary Clinton in 2016 elections. But Trump did accomplish a good performance, reaching 70 million votes, 8 million more than in his 2016 election.

Biden capitalized on popular and social discontent against Trump. In fact, he did not campaign with an emphasis on his programme but rather on “getting out of Trump. He managed to make a difference in the popular vote of 4 million over Trump. However, because of the indirect election voting system, Biden had a hard time getting over the 270 voters (he would be getting 294) needed to succeed in the Electoral College. An undemocratic system that gives electors to each state without proportionality. All the states have a winner-take-all policy, except for Nebraska and Maine. That is why in 2016, Trump won the presidency, even though Hillary Clinton had obtained three million more votes than the Republican. Bush also won in 2000 with fewer votes than the Democrat Gore.

The result threw out Trump’s manoeuvres to disregard the election result by alleging fraud and resorting to justice and the mobilisation of his base to block the vote count. Both attempts failed.


Trump loses, but strengthens his position as the leader of a large ultraconservative, reactionary and racist social group

Many in the U.S. and around the world are wondering how such a reactionary and repugnant character as Trump could win 70 million votes and win the election in important states with large Latino and Black populations, such as Texas and Florida.

The vote for Trump shows the extreme social polarization that exists in the United States. It has no point of comparison with other countries. Trump draws on millions of people from the traditional social base of racists, neo-fascists, white supremacist hate groups, armed right-wing militias, visceral xenophobia; hatred of feminists and environmentalists as well as a popular base of farmers in rural areas where evangelical fundamentalism predominates. But also, from a fringe of white workers from the Rust Belt in decline for the capitalist crisis. We are not talking about the whole or the majority of the workers, the industrialists, who traditionally vote for the Democrats. But there is that strip of workers who are marginalized and disenchanted with the system and who in their desperation give their vote to a character like Trump.

This polarisation has grown with the social crisis combined with the anti-racist rebellion, the growth of the labour movement, women’s movement or against climate change. Millions believe in the crazy discourse that Biden can “lead to socialism”, that he is “going to Cuba and Venezuela” and that Biden is part of the “far left” that is going to “destroy” the United States. The more social crisis, economic crisis and popular struggles, the more the racist and fascist pole grows.

Also, many analysts were surprised by a slight growth of Trump’s votes in sectors of the Latino and black population. This is true. But the Republican always have votes from Latinos and Black people. For example: “In 1984, 37 per cent of Latinos voted for Ronald Reagan; 40 per cent voted for George W. Bush in 2004.” (https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/05/opinion/sunday/trump-latino-vote.html) Many Latino and black votes for Trump were given because of the disenchantment caused by the Obama administration. But the essence of this slight increase is explained by the historic increase in voters. That is why the Latino and black voters for both Trump and Biden grew. But 87 per cent of the black voters voted against Trump, which was a decisive vote for his defeat (https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-election-women-insight-idUSKBN27N0XC). And despite the right-wing Cuban vote in Florida, nationally two-thirds of the Latino vote was against Trump.

In short, Trump lost, but he is consolidating his social base and will try to remain an alternative for the 2024 elections. Trumpism” is still an expression of the crisis of the Republican Party. Trump became president owing to the lack of influential figures following the failure of George Bush (Jr.), who had already expressed his differences with Trump by sending a congratulatory message to Biden.


American imperialism leadership transition amid its global crisis

The change in the imperialist leader was also celebrated high up. Trump’s defeat was welcomed by his competitors and allies of the big capitalist powers such as the European Union (EU), United Kingdom, the Vatican and Canada Biden was quickly congratulated by Angela Merkel, Emmanuel Macron, Pedro Sanchez and the Pope, among others. Russia and China remain silent, for now. They all hope for a better deal and the opening of new negotiations amid the deepening global economic crisis.

The victory of Biden and the Democrats will not solve the global crisis of the capitalist-imperialist system. We are living through one of the most serious crises in the history of capitalism combined with the corona virus pandemic, with no solution in sight yet. Trump did nothing more than add fuel to the fire of the crisis with his “economic wars” and his policies of world austerity. With Biden, a change is foreseeable in which negotiations will once again take precedence, both with his peers in the capitalist powers and with the governments of the semi-colonies. The old imperialist view of “carrot and stick” will return.

But there is no chance for Biden to overcome the global political capitalist crisis. Besides, he is immersed in his own political and social crisis in his country. He will still have other chapters with Trump’s attempt to ignore the election result and possibly with a Republican majority in the Senate. Political crisis that, most probably, would be present in Biden-Harris government.

What is certain is that Biden does not represent any positive change for the working class and popular sectors of the United States and the world. Biden and the imperialist government of the Democratic Party will govern in the name of the multinationals, the finance capital and the IMF. At the beginning of his government (he takes over on 20 January) he would take some cosmetic measures like perhaps adhering to the limited Paris Agreement on climate change or returning to the World Health Organisation (WHO), from where Trump withdrew. But the centre of Biden’s policy will be to continue, with a “human face”, to unload the crisis on the workers, with new austerity and hunger plans imposed by the multinationals and the IMF.

The unity of the workers and poor of the world will be the powerful tool to confront US imperialism, its allied governments and their plans for cuts and austerity. In the way of achieving working class governments that open the way for the fundamental change to end capitalism and advance towards a true socialism.

From the IWU-FI we call on the American working people, the women’s movement, the anti-racist, environmentalist movement, to take to the streets to fight for their urgent demands to the new government and to build a new independent political alternative. An alternative must be offered to the thousands who went out across the country to celebrate Trump’s defeat. An alternative to the capitalist-imperialist two-party system. A new unitary and independent left party or movement that truly represents the interests of the working class, the youth and the anti-racist movement.

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (UIT-CI)
10 November 2020

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The US 2020 Elections: Where Do We Stand?

The following is a statement by Socialist Core on the upcoming 2020 US presidential elections

The upcoming presidential elections in the United States will take place at a crucial moment in world history. The capitalist economic system is currently facing one of its worst crises. The ecological crisis of our planet has gone from bad to worse, as capitalism proves to be incompatible with social or environmental sustainability.

The covid19 pandemic is having a massive impact on the poor and marginalized millions who have limited access to health care, are losing jobs and exposed to the greatest risks. The health crisis was years in the making and as a result of the very poor government response to the pandemic, more 8.7 million have become infected and 225 thousand people have died in the US.

The election of Donald Trump in 2016 was a turning point in American politics as it reflected a process of growing polarization to the right and to the left. It  emboldened the right and fascists, but it did not deter the working class, the black, latino and immigrant communities from fighting back. Women have also been at the forefront of the resistance against the Trump regime.

The Black Lives Matter movement and millions of people responded to the brutal killing of George Floyd with the biggest mass movement since the 1960s. A broad movement challenged racism and police brutality in spite of repression, calling for defunding the police and demanding jail for the killer cops. Both the Black Lives Matter movement and the feminist movement point the way forward. Also they show the need to build a political organization that embodies those struggles, as well as those of the working class, which in spite of the obstacles poised by the union bureaucracy has participated in hundreds of strikes this year, many of them in solidarity with BLM.

The antiracist rebellion weakened the Trump bid for reelection. A Trump re-election would continue to pose a threat to working people in this country by emboldening white supremacists and the far right, and continuing to trample on democratic gains.

The majority of people in the US want to end the Trump presidency, which has been especially beneficial to corporations. Like that majority, we recognize that President Trump has spread racism to sow divisions in society and further marginalize African-Americans and immigrants. Trump and its ultra-conservative allies have also pushed for anti-abortion policies, a setback for women’s reproductive rights.

We too want to defeat Trump and his brand of right-wing populism. But we think that replacing a recalcitrant reactionary politician with a politician like Joe Biden is not the solution. As revolutionary socialists, we want to be honest and warn people that Joe Biden won’t allow significant advances against capitalist exploitation, racism and all forms of oppression, since he represents the Democratic Party, the other capitalist party. In fact, the democrats have failed in exercising a coherent opposition to the Trump presidency. The real opposition has come from the mobilized masses in the streets and that’s where a real political alternative is in embryonic form. As Trump has vowed not to concede if he loses the election, we call on workers to demand plans from their unions to strike if there is any fraud attempt by the Trump administration, and for all activists to prepare to take to the streets. Some unions, for example in Seattle, are making statements in this direction and even considering a general strike, which is very positive, but it’s their responsibility to go beyond words and organize.

In the US, the two parties of capitalism, the Republican and Democratic parties respectively, continue to serve the interests of the rich, and in the world they practice imperialist policies. As it is, for working class people the US presidential elections offer no political alternative to adress their everyday needs. For example, since the beginning of the pandemic, housing activists all over the country have demanded rent cancellation. But the demand to cancel rent for people who lost their jobs and income during the pandemic has faced resistance from both president Trump and the Democrats. If there is an eviction moratorium in place it’s because of the pressure from below. The so-called democratic system in the US is rigged. To avoid that emerging political forces representing working class interests attain representation in Congress and in the Senate, as there is no proportional representation, enforcing a two party hegemony. The second-degree election through the electoral college violates the one person one vote principle. On top of that, there are gerrymandering practices and voter suppression tactics used by the republicans directed specifically against African americans, Native americans and other oppressed communities. We need to fight to put an end to these antidemocratic characteristics of the US electoral system.

We live in a rich country that has enough resources to provide basic services like housing and free, universal healthcare to all, as well as access to free public education at every level. To achieve real economic and social change, that puts the needs of the working class, the youth, the popular and marginalized sectors, above profits and to end racism and repression, it is necessary to fight for a government of the working class. We must place all our present democratic and social struggles in that perspective.

We stress the need to organize and fight in the streets and beyond the electoral arena, organize our side in a new political alternative, a new independent left party or movement that truly represents the interests of the working class, the youth and the anti-racist movement. An important step in that direction would be a united front of the socialist left. Unity in action and carrying out the necessary debates, would help to build that political alternative for the millions that have mobilized this year and will continue to do so in the future against austerity, job losses, for the right to health care, against racism and in defense of democratic rights.

We understand and respect that millions of voters will use the Biden-Harris ticket reluctantly as a vote against Trump. We for our part will not vote for either Trump or Biden but call for a critical vote for any of the independent left presidential candidates. Also we support voting for independent left candidates at the local level.

No matter who wins the election, the struggle will continue.

…………………………………………..

Local elections and referendums

While the presidential election is understandably drawing most of the attention from the public, on November 3 other things will be decided as well. Regarding the election of the Congress and Senate members, we uphold the same position we have regarding the presidential election, we don’t vote for the two main capitalist parties but call for a critical vote for independent left candidates while denouncing the inequities of the electoral system which make it almost impossible for independent working class alternatives to have nationwide proportional representation.

Also there are candidates at the state and city level who we can vote for. They are committed activists taking part in union or community organizing, so voting for them is a way to strengthen that political activism. Such is the case of Dan Piper, teacher and union member who is running for state representative in the first district of Hartford, Connecticut. Piper is also a member of Socialist Resurgence. He advocates the public property of medical resources and virtual teaching to safeguard teachers, students and their families in the ongoing pandemic. Also he defends cutting the police budget and self determination and reparations for african americans, native americans and for Puerto Rico.More than a hundred initiatives and popular referendums will be held in 32 states, hundreds more at city level, on issues such as taxes, minimum wage, workers´ rights, marijuana consumption, voting rights and others. In the last two decades these initiatives and referendums have allowed for some democratic changes such as the legalization of interracial marriage in Alabama in 2000.

As a general guideline we are for minimum wage increases, as we think that every worker has the right to a dignified living wage. We are against regressive taxes, those which rely on “everyone”, meaning the working class instead of specific taxes for the capitalists. We are in favor of extending voting rights for 16 and 17 year olds in primary elections and local elections. We reject the attempt by Uber and Lyft corporations to push back on the recognition of their drivers as workers, by attempting to have them considered independent contractors and cutting their legal rights. We supperot the legalization of recreational marijuana consumption in Arizona, Montana and New Jersey, as well as its use in medicine in Mississippi and South Dakota. Also we support decriminalization of drug consumption in Oregon, where an initiative will be voted on to eliminate jail for drug posession and to create an addiction treatment and recovery program. Criminalization of drugs accounts for around 350 thousand people currently in jail, as an important element of the mass incarceration policy, about 15% of the total amount of people in jail, and obviously this policy is completely at odds with treating addiction and problematic consumption as a public health issue. We also are for respecting the right to vote of people under parole, which will be voted on in California, and in general against limiting the right to vote. Currently 30 states don’t allow for people on parole to vote. We support initiatives which aim at allowing for the defunding of the police, by for example eliminating legal minimums on the number of hired police officers.

As we can’t go into a more detailed discussion of every single issue which will be voted on, we recommend engaging in discussions with unions, leftist organizations and grassroots antiracist, feminist and community organizations to discuss how they view each of these referendums and take an informed decision while preparing to take the fight to the streets where they can be definitively won.

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No to the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan!

A new war for the small territory of Nagorno-Karabakh has broken out on 27 September 2020. The armed clashes and bombings on Nagorno-Karabakh and its capital have not stopped. Hundreds of soldiers and civilians have already died in the fighting. And it may lead to a global war between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Both sides accuse each other of starting the conflict.

This conflict is very complex and has a long history of territorial disputes in the South Caucasus region. The population of Nagorno-Karabakh (about 150,000) is mostly of Armenian origin and in 1991 it was proclaimed the independent republic of Artsaj, with military support from Armenia and Russia. Since then, the conflict has been present and unresolved.

It should be borne in mind that the conflict between Armenia (2,900,000 inhabitants, Armenian-Christian majority) and Azerbaijan (10,000,000 inhabitants, Muslim majority) over Nagorno-Karabakh is not limited to Nagorno-Karabakh, but includes other large portions of Azerbaijani territory that were taken by Armenia during the war that ended in 1994.

Nagorno-Karabakh was not a border with Armenia, but was an Armenian enclave surrounded by regions of Azerbaijan. Armenia launched a military action that razed Azerbaijani territory surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh. It separated the Azerbaijani Nakhchivan region from Azerbaijan and caused massacres, ethnic cleansing and the exodus of hundreds of thousands of Azeris (some 600,000 currently live in Azerbaijan), emptying these territories of their population and transferring the Armenian population.

There’s a flip side to this and is the capitalist regime of Azerbaijan, which has always refused to recognise the right of Nagorno-Karabakh people to decide their own destiny.

We reject this war that will only bring more death, destruction and poverty to its peoples. Meanwhile, the imperialist powers, members of NATO, and the aggressive expansionism of the capitalist regimes of Russia and Turkey use this conflict to advance their projects of domination of the peoples and their wealth for capitalist exploitation.

Where does the conflict come from?

The conflict has its roots in centuries of ethnic rivalries and massacres, which had to do with the formation and dispute of the old capitalist empires (English, French, Ottoman, Russian).

The small region of Nagorno-Karabakh has been populated for centuries, mainly by a population of Armenian language and Christian culture.

When the Soviet Union was formed by the socialist revolution of 1917, expropriated landowners and capitalists, there was over a decade of peaceful coexistence between different historical nationalities in the Caucasus. After Lenin’s death and with the emergence of the counter-revolutionary bureaucratic caste led by Stalin, wounds were opened again. Stalin, in the 1930s, ceded this small territory to Azerbaijan, to divide and control the peoples for the benefit of the Kremlin bureaucracy.

When the Soviet Union was dissolved in 1991 and capitalism was restored, the old division of the peoples, which is now directly subordinated to the interests of the different capitalist and imperialist sectors for the control of territories and wealth, was strongly revived. Thus, both Armenia and Azerbaijan became capitalist countries.

In 1991, Nagorno-Karabakh declared its independence. And a war between Azerbaijan and Armenia, supported by Russia, started. In 1994, the war ended with a ceasefire, but without an agreement. Nagorno-Karabakh becomes precariously independent; no country in the world recognises this independence. Since then, there have been repeated incidents and armed clashes.

The new armed conflict and the danger of a new fratricidal war

The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has always been used by the Azerbaijani and Armenian regimes to divert the attention of their peoples from the political and social crisis in their countries. Raising the flag of “national” unity. Amid the new acute capitalist crisis, the regimes of Azerbaijan and Armenia are being questioned by their peoples.

Azerbaijan regime, led by the Islamic Ilham Aliyev, his father’s successor, has been ruling for almost 20 years. It is being questioned for its repression and social crisis. The fall in oil prices affected it. The country is an exporter of oil and gas. It has special agreements with Turkey, which buys its hydrocarbons. Among the main investors are British, Russian and Turkish companies. Aliyev has declared that he will not stop until he recovers Nagorno-Karabakh. He counts on the clear political and military support of the Turkish regime of Erdogan, who openly declared that “the struggle will continue until Karabakh is liberated from the occupation” (Clarin, Argentina, 3 October 2020). The USA’s underhanded intervention in the conflict may be behind Israel’s role that has been selling modern weapons to Azerbaijan for a long time. Aliyev bought a lot of modern weapons from Israel.

The current Armenian government came to power after the popular insurrection of 2018 that ended up removing the previous government and forcing new elections. Armenia is a big producer and exporter of copper and privatised all its former state enterprises.

Although Armenia has always had the support of Putin and Russia, the new government has sought closer relations with the European Union and NATO. Therefore, Russia is giving lukewarm support to Armenia and does not want to break its ties completely with Azerbaijan. And France and the EU are seeking to support Armenia in a new negotiation. The French imperialism, where there is a big Armenian community, with its capitalist sector, has special economic and political links with Armenia.


Not to the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan

With this war, the working class and the peoples of the region can gain nothing but only be more submitted to the multinationals.

The UN talks about “peace” but lets the confrontations or the tricky “peace” with the military occupation of territories go by, in order to leave the field free for the imperialist multinationals to exploit the workers, falsely divided by national hatreds.

There will only be real peace and fair coexistence between the peoples if they end with the capitalist-imperialist system and its capitalist governments, and the multinationals that impose their interests today are expelled. Only true socialism, not the false socialism that governed the former USSR, would allow the overcoming of national borders and the peoples to live together in harmony, respecting their nationalities and cultures, planning their economies for the benefit of the working class and the popular sectors of the Caucasus region.

In this background perspective, it is urgent today to stop this war between peoples used as pawns of capitalist-imperialist interests and Turkey and Russia regimes.

From the IWU-FI, we call upon all political, trade union and student organisations that claim to be democratic and anti-imperialist in the world to speak out against the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Out with the political and military interference of the imperialist countries (EU and USA) in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

Out with the aggressive expansionism of Russia and Turkey capitalist regimes in the region.

Stop the massacres of the civil population.

For the self-determination of Nagorno-Karabakh people. End of occupation by Armenia of the Azerbaijani territories and the full right of the population to return to its territory.

Not to the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan!

International Workers’ Unity-Fourth International (IWU-FI)
8 October 2020

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No a la guerra entre Azerbaiyán y Armenia por Nargorno Karabaj

No a la guerra entre Azerbaiyán y Armenia por Nargorno Karabaj! ¡Fuera la injerencia de los países imperialistas (la UE y EE.UU.) y de Turquía y Rusia en la región!

Una nueva guerra por el pequeño territorio de Nagorno-Karabaj ha estallado 27 de septiembre de 2020. Los combates armados y los bombardeos sobre Nagorno-Karabaj y su capital, no han cesado. Cientos de soldados y civiles ya han muerto en los enfrentamientos. Y puede terminar en una guerra global entre Azerbaiyán y Armenia. Las dos partes se acusan mutuamente de iniciar el conflicto.

Este conflicto es muy complejo y tiene una larga historia de disputas territoriales en la región del Cáucaso sur. La población de Nagorno Karabaj (unos 150.000 habitantes) es mayoritariamente de origen armenio y, en 1991, se proclama república independiente de Artsaj, con apoyo militar de Armenia y Rusia. Desde entonces el conflicto ha estado presente y sin solución.

Hay que tener en cuenta que el conflicto entre Armenia (2.900.000 de habitantes, mayoría armenia -cristiana) y Azerbaiyán (10.000.000 de habitantes, mayoría musulmana) por el Nagorno-Karabaj, no se limita al Nagorno-Karabaj, sino que incluye otras grandes porciones de territorio de Azerbaiyán que fueron arrebatadas por Armenia durante la guerra que culminó en 1994.

Nagorno-Karabaj no era frontera con Armenia, sino que era un enclave armenio rodeado por regiones de Azerbaiyán. Armenia lanzó una acción militar que arrasó el territorio azerbaiyano que rodeaba el Nagorno-Karabaj. Separando la región de Nahchevan azerí de Azerbaiyán y provocando matanzas, limpiezas étnicas y el éxodo de cientos de miles de azeríes (unos 600.000 viven actualmente en Azerbaiyán) y vaciando de población esos territorios y trasladando población armenia.

La otra cara de la moneda es el régimen capitalista de Azerbaiyán que se ha negado siempre a reconocer el derecho del pueblo de Nagorno-Karajab a decidir su destino propio.

Rechazamos esta guerra que solo traerá más muertes, destrucción y miseria para sus pueblos. Mientras tanto las potencias imperialistas, miembros de la OTAN, y el expansionismo agresivo de los regímenes capitalistas de Rusia y Turquía, usan este conflicto para avanzar en sus proyectos de dominio de los pueblos y de sus riquezas para la explotación capitalista.


¿De dónde viene el conflicto?

El conflicto tiene su raíz en siglos de rivalidades y masacres étnicas, que tuvieron que ver con la formación y disputa de los viejos imperios capitalistas (inglés, francés, otomano, ruso).

La pequeña región de Nagorno Karabaj es una región poblada desde hace siglos mayoritariamente por una población de lengua armenia y cultura cristiana.

Cuando surgió la Unión Soviética por la revolución socialista de 1917, se expropió a terratenientes y capitalistas hubo más de una década de convivencia pacífica entre distintas nacionalidades históricas del Cáucaso. Luego de la muerte de Lenin y con el surgimiento de la casta burocrática contrarrevolucionaria encabezada por Stalin, se volvieron a abrir heridas. Stalin, en los años 30, cedió ese pequeño territorio a Azerbaiyán, para dividir y controlar a los pueblos en beneficio de la burocracia del Kremlin.

Al disolverse la Unión Soviética, en 1991, y restaurarse el capitalismo, resurgió con fuerza la antigua división de los pueblos, ahora subordinada directamente a los intereses de distintos sectores capitalistas e imperialistas por control de territorios y riquezas. Así tanto Armenia como Azerbaiyán se convierten en países capitalistas.

En 1991, Nagorno-Karabaj se declara independiente. Y se desata una guerra entre Azerbaiyán y Armenia, apoyada por Rusia. En 1994 termina la guerra con un alto el fuego, pero sin acuerdo. Nagorno Karabaj se independiza precariamente, ningún país del mundo reconoce esa independencia. Desde entonces se reiteran los incidentes y choques armados.


El nuevo conflicto armado y el peligro de una nueva guerra fraticida

El conflicto de Nagorno-Karabaj siempre ha sido utilizado por los regímenes de Azerbaiyán y Armenia para desviar la atención de sus pueblos frente a la crisis política y social de sus países. Levantado la bandera de la unidad “nacional”. En medio de la nueva crisis aguda capitalista, los regímenes de Azerbaiyán y Armenia sufren cuestionamientos de sus pueblos.

El régimen de Azerbaiyán, encabezado por el islámico Ilham Aliyev, sucesor de su padre, gobierna desde hace casi 20 años. Enfrenta cuestionamientos por su represión y por la crisis social. La caída de los precios del petróleo lo afectó. El país es exportador de petróleo y gas. Tiene acuerdos especiales con Turquía, que compra sus hidrocarburos. Entre los principales inversores están las empresas británicas, rusas y turcas. Alivev ha declarado que no se detendrá hasta recuperar Nagorno-Karabaj. Cuenta con el claro el apoyo político y militar del régimen turco de Erdogan. Quien declaró abiertamente que “la lucha continuará hasta que Karabaj sea liberado de la ocupación” (Clarín, Argentina, 3/10/2020). La intervención solapada de Estados Unidos, en el conflicto, puede estar detrás del rol de Israel que lleva tiempo vendiendo armamento moderno a Azerbaiyán compró gran cantidad de armas modernas a Israel.

Por otro lado, el actual gobierno armenio llegó al poder a partir de la insurrección popular de 2018 que terminó sacando al anterior gobierno y obligando a realizar nuevas elecciones. Armenia es gran productor y exportador de cobre y privatizó todas sus antiguas empresas estatales.

Si bien Armenia ha contado siempre con el respaldo de Putin y Rusia, el nuevo gobierno a buscado tener relaciones más cercanas con la Unión Europea (UE) y la OTAN. Por eso Rusia está dando un tibio apoyo a Armenia y no quiere romper totalmente sus vínculos con Azerbaiyán. Y a su vez Francia y la UE busca apoyar a Armenia en una nueva negociación. El imperialismo francés, donde hay una gran comunidad armenia, con su sector capitalista, tiene con Armenia vínculos especiales económicos y políticos.


No a la guerra entre Armenia y Azerbaiyán

Con esta guerra la clase trabajadora y los pueblos de la región nada pueden ganar, sino sólo ser más sometidos a las multinacionales

La ONU habla de “paz” pero deja correr los enfrentamientos o la “paz” tramposa con ocupación militar de territorios, para dejar el campo libre a las multinacionales imperialistas para explotar a las y los trabajadores, falsamente divididos por odios nacionales.

Solo habrá una verdadera paz y convivencia justa entre los pueblos si se termina con el sistema capitalista-imperialista y sus gobiernos capitalistas, y se expulsa a las multinacionales que hoy imponen sus intereses. Solo un verdadero socialismo, no el falso socialismo que gobernó la ex URSS, permitiría superar las fronteras nacionales y que los pueblos convivan en armonía, respetando sus nacionalidades y culturas, planificando sus economías en beneficio de la clase trabajadora y los sectores populares de la región del Cáucaso.

En esta perspectiva de fondo, hoy es urgente detener esta guerra entre pueblos manejados como peones de intereses capitalistas imperialistas y de los regímenes de Turquía y Rusia.

Desde la UIT-CI llamamos a todas las organizaciones políticas, sindicales o estudiantiles que se reclaman democráticas y antiimperialistas del mundo, a pronunciarse contra la guerra entre Azerbaiyán y Armenia.


Fuera la injerencia política y militar de los países imperialistas (la UE y EE.UU.) en el conflicto de Nagorno- Karabaj.

Fuera el expansionismo agresivo de los regímenes capitalistas de Rusia y Turquía en la región.

Alto a las masacres de la población civil.

Por el respeto a la autodeterminación del pueblo de Nagorno Karabaj. Desocupación por parte de Armenia de los territorios azerbaiyanos y derecho pleno de la población a volver a su territorio.

¡No a la guerra entre Armenia y Azerbaiyán!


Unidad Internacional de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores-Cuarta Internacional (UIT-CI)
8 de octubre de 2020.

(read in english)

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R.Dominicana:Ante un nuevo aniversario de la Masacre del Perejil

Movimiento Socialista de Trabajadoras y Trabajadores

Entre finales de septiembre y mediados de octubre de 1937 se llevó a cabo la peor masacre racista del siglo XX en la región, la campaña trujillista de limpieza étnica contra la comunidad haitiana y dominicana de ascendencia haitiana en la zona fronteriza de República Dominicana con Haití.

Si bien no existen cifras precisas de la cantidad de personas asesinadas, debido a la política de ocultamiento del Estado dominicano, se trató de una matanza en la que participaron hordas de militares, policías y civiles, algunos de ellos liberados de las cárceles para integrarse a bandas paramilitares. Miles de cadáveres fueron arrojados al mar o enterrados en fosas comunes. El propio Joaquín Balaguer, canciller de la dictadura para el momento de la masacre, estima que 17 mil personas fueron asesinadas. Hay registros de que se siguieron realizando ejecuciones de personas haitianas hasta mediados de 1938.

El Estado dominicano llegó a un acuerdo, tutelado por el gobierno yanqui, en virtud del cual pagó una simbólica indemnización de 550 mil dólares al Estado haitiano, el equivalente aproximado de 9 millones de dólares actuales. Sin embargo, el Estado dominicano nunca ha asumido plenamente su responsabilidad y la masacre no es conmemorada oficialmente.

Entre los antecedentes de la barbarie desatada por la dictadura proyanqui y anticomunista de Trujillo están la firma de un tratado binacional de delimitación de fronteras, criticado por sectores de la propia derecha que lo consideraron una cesión territorial. También se realizó una campaña masiva de deportaciones de inmigrantes haitianos por parte del régimen y se implementaron programas racistas de promoción de la inmigración de europeos para “blanquear” la zona fronteriza. Todo ello en el marco de la promoción por parte de la burguesía de una ideología filohispánica y antihaitiana desde el siglo XIX.

Trujillo pronunció un discurso el 2 de octubre en Dajabón en el que dio a la masacre en curso una connotación de venganza por supuestos robos de ganado a propietarios dominicanos. También se asume en documentos oficiales de la dictadura la doctrina fascistoide de la “invasión pacífica”, teoría conspirativa según la cual los inmigrantes haitianos estarían realizando una invasión secretamente concertada. Intelectuales que apoyaban a la dictadura fueron directamente apologistas de la masacre, como el racista Peña Batlle, con argumentos de “purificación racial”.

Actualmente dirigentes de los principales partidos políticos del sistema, y no solo de la extrema derecha, siguen usando el discurso de la “invasión pacífica” para hacer apología de medidas como la privación de la nacionalidad a miles de personas dominicanas de ascendencia haitiana, para exigir o justificar deportaciones masivas y violaciones de derechos humanos, así como la violación de los derechos laborales de los trabajadores inmigrantes haitianos.

Tanto por la dimensión del genocidio trujillista contra personas haitianas y dominicanas de ascendencia haitiana, como por la permanencia de políticas de Estado y discursos racistas y xenófobos, es un reclamo democrático elemental la conmemoración oficial de la Masacre del Perejil, también conocida como El Corte.

Muchos elementos de la ideología racista y el discurso que alimentaron la campaña genocida siguen siendo empleados por políticos de la derecha y autoridades del gobierno dominicano hasta el día de hoy. Actualmente los linchamientos contra personas haitianas quedan casi siempre en la impunidad, lo cual demuestra que el compromiso de los sucesivos gobiernos con el racismo y la xenofobia sigue intacto. Se sigue estigmatizando a la inmigración haitiana como un lastre para los servicios públicos o la asistencia social del Estado en los grandes medios de comunicación. Cíclicamente hay operativos violentos y arbitrarios de deportaciones, la extorsión y el robo por parte de los cuerpos represivos contra los inmigrantes son permanentes. Ante cada coyuntura de dificultades políticas o económicas, se recurre al cuco de la inmigración haitiana para distraer al pueblo dominicano, arengando el odio racista y xenófobo. Con esa ideología, la clase dominante pretende intoxicar al pueblo para que no reconozca a sus verdaderos opresores y a quienes lo explotan y roban todos los días, los capitalistas y sus gobiernos. Por eso es tan importante hoy rescatar la memoria histórica y destruir los residuos trujillistas.

Es un error desvincular la lucha antirracista que libran las personas dominicanas, de ascendencia haitiana o no, de la lucha antirracista de las personas inmigrantes haitianas, y sus respectivas organizaciones. Más allá de las formas específicas en las que el racismo oficial afecta a distintos sectores, la lucha antirracista debe ser una sola, fraccionarla es debilitarla. La masacre de 1937 fue un crimen en contra de la comunidad inmigrante haitiana, la comunidad dominicana de ascendencia haitiana, y también contra disidentes políticos y personas que se opusieron a la campaña genocida. El régimen empleó la masacre para aterrorizar al conjunto del pueblo dominicano. Hoy debemos confluir unitariamente en la lucha contra el racismo todas las personas dominicanas e inmigrantes que defendemos la dignidad y los derechos humanos. La exigencia de que se conmemore oficialmente la masacre de 1937 es parte de esa lucha.

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